A Practical Guide to the Economic Analysis of Non-Tariff Measures is the third volume of the series of Practical Guides to Trade Analysis co-published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the World Trade Organization.
This volume provides the main tools for the analysis and empirical assessment of the trade effects of non-tariff measures. Written by experts with practical experience in the field, this publication outlines the major concepts of the economic analysis of non-tariff measures and contains practical guidance on how to apply them to concrete policy questions.
This publication has been developed to contribute to the enhancement of developing countries’ capacity to analyze and implement trade policy. It is aimed at government experts engaged in trade negotiations, as well as students and researchers involved in trade-related study or research.
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was created in 1947 and operated almost five decades on a provisional basis until 1995 when the WTO was established. Its goal is to improve the welfare of peoples of its member countries, specifically by lowering trade barriers and providing a platform for the negotiation of trade. The organization deals with the rules of trade between nations at a global or near global level; it is responsible for negotiating and implementing new trade agreements and charged with policing Member Countries' adherence to all WTO agreements. In 2007 there were 150 Member States.