Receptions of Paul during the First Two Centuries: Exploration of the Jewish Matrix of Early Christianity examines the historical context of Paul and the way Paul’s Jewish heritage was received. Contributors take into consideration the aftermath of the Jewish War and its impact on the development of the Jesus movement and early Christian-Jewish relations in the following period. The chapters come to the conclusion that after the Jewish War, the reception of the authentic Paul was transformed more and more into the tradition about Paul, based and established by the second and third generations of Jesus-believing Gentiles, which perceived Paul as a convert from what is labeled “Judaism” (Ἰουδαϊσμός) to the complete opposite of it, “Christianity” (Χριστιανισμός).
František Ábel is professor of New Testament at the Evangelical Lutheran Theological Faculty of Comenius University Bratislava, Slovakia.
Part 1: Knowing What’s What in the Early Reception of Paul the Apostle
Chapter 1: Correcting Some Misperceptions About Paul
James H. Charlesworth
Chapter 2: Observations on the Reception of the Pauline Expression “Works of the Law”
Chapter 3: The Perception of Paul’s Social Influence in the Corinthian Correspondence
J. Brian Tucker
Chapter 4: “Jezebel,” Paul, and the Problem of Mixed Marriage. A Contested Reception of 1 Corinthians at the End of the First Century?
Paul B. Duff
Chapter 5: The Triumph of Paul in Portraits of Peter
Joshua D. Garroway
Part 2: The Early Reception of Paul the Apostle in the Deutero-Pauline Letters
Chapter 6: The Pastoral Epistles and the Jewish Paul
Chapter 7: The Role of Women in Teaching and Learning—Pauline Trajectories in Acts and in the Pastorals?
Chapter 8: Colossian “Philosophy” and Torah: Paul in a New Context (Col 2:6–23)
Karl Olav Sandnes
Chapter 9: The “Man of Lawlessness” as an Eschatological Enemy in Second Thessalonians and its Second Temple Period Jewish Background
Chapter 10: Ephesians as the Quintessence of Pauline Deracination
Part 3: The Early Reception of Paul the Apostle in the Acts of the Apostles
Chapter 11: From Pharisee to Ascetic. The Shift of the Image of the Apostle Paul in the Literature of the Genre of Acts
Chapter 12: Paul’s Torah Observance According to Acts in Light of Recent Reconfigurations of Paul’s Jewishness
Ruben A. Bühner
Chapter 13: The Image of Paul in Act’s Missionary Speeches
Istvan M. Ledán
Chapter 14: Paul in Acts 16:18–21 in the Context of Roman Law
Valéria Terézia Dančiaková
Chapter 15: Justification and Salvation in Paul and Acts: A Reading “Within Second Temple Judaism”
Part 4: The Other Receptions of Paul the Apostle
Chapter 16: How Pauline is the Gospel of John?
Chapter 17: The Epistle to the Hebrews as a Consoling Appeal to Ostracized Jewish Christ-followers: Reception of Jewish Paul in Hebrews
Chapter 18: Παύλου συμμύσται ἐστε. Ignatius’ Reception of Paul and Jewishness in the Antiochian Context: Another Piece of the Mosaic
Part 5: Receptions of Paul during the First Two Centuries: A Critical Evaluation from Second Temple Judaism Research
Chapter 19: “Correcting Some Misperceptions About New Testament Translation”: A Response to A Presupposition in James H. Charlesworth’s “Correcting Some Misperceptions About Paul”
Chapter 20: Perspectives on Perspectives: Overall Response to Presented Contributions
Anyone researching Paul and his early reception will appreciate the variety of approaches and depth of scholarship undertaken in these essays by leading international New Testament scholars. Thank you Professor Ábel and contributors for yet again advancing new, innovative developments in the field of "within Judaism" and related Pauline studies.
Historical readings of Paul’s undisputed letters as expressions of a Jewish eschatological message for non-Jews are at the heart of an emerging paradigm shift in New Testament studies. But how was the Apostle to the Gentiles understood by others during his lifetime and after his death? In this timely and important book a group of international scholars investigate the earliest evidence of Pauline reception, showing how intertwined with Judaism the Jesus movement often was, even as Paul began to be understood as a ‘convert’ to Christianity in the second century. A must-read for anyone interested in Pauline studies, early Jewish–Christian relations, and Christian origins.
This important volume extends the discussion of the Jewish matrix of Paul to the reception of Paul in later New Testament traditions and beyond. Touching on a number of salient topics ranging from the influence of Second Temple Judaism to Pauline ritual observances and many more, the illuminating and detailed contributions are a must-read for scholars and students interested in the reception of Paul and will certainly stimulate further research.