A Eucharist-shaped Church: Prayer, Theology, Mission is a historical-theological survey of major movements and thinkers that have shaped sacramental theology and liturgical worship within the Anglican/Episcopal tradition. The contributors attend closely to the interplay between Christian thinking, praying, and living in order to distil lessons for liturgical revision and worship renewal. Each chapter explores a major thinker or movement, and explores how the theological, liturgical, ecclesiological, and missiological commitments of the thinker or movement interacted and shaped the thinker’s or movement’s overall thought. This serves a two-fold purpose: 1.) Much scholarship about Anglican eucharistic theology treats some aspect of that theology in isolation (presence, sacrifice, etc.) from other aspects, and from the context in which the theology was developed. This approach shows how these various aspects and contexts in fact have mutual explanatory power. 2.) The interaction of these various aspects of eucharistic theology provide a framework for those involved in liturgical revision to think through the commitments communicated by the proposed revisions.
Daniel J. Handschy (PhD in Historical Theology, St. Louis University) is currently rector of St. David’s Episcopal Church, DeWitt, NY.
Donna R. Hawk-Reinhard, AF (PhD in Historical Theology, St. Louis University) is parish administrator for Transfiguration Episcopal Church, Lake St. Louis, MO.
Marshall E. Crossnoe (PhD in History, University of Wisconsin-Madison) is an Episcopal priest, currently providing sacramental ministry at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church, in Portland, MO, and St. Alban’s Episcopal Church, in Fulton, MO.
Introduction: Liturgical Revision: Assessing the Stakes
Daniel J. Handschy
Part I. Historical Investigations: Living in the Tension of Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi, and Lex Vivendi
1. Early Foundations of Anglican Ecclesiology and Sacramental Theology
Marshall E. Crossnoe
2. “Sacrifices of Laud, Praise, and Thanksgiving”: The Eucharist in Classical Anglican Formularies
Benjamin M. Guyer
3. Thomas Rattray (1684-1743): Divinization as the Foundational Doctrine for Sacramental Theology
Donna R. Hawk-Reinhard
4. Benjamin Hoadly (1676‒1761): Subverting the Sacramental Test
5. Samuel Seabury’s (1729‒1796) Eucharistic Ecclesiology: Ecclesial Implications of a Sacrificial Eucharist
6. John Henry Hobart (1775–1830): Evangelical Truth and Apostolic Order
7. Robert Isaac Wilberforce (1802‒1857): Constituting a Mediatorial Church
8. F. D. Maurice (1805‒72) and His Followers: An Emerging Vision of the Eucharist and Christian Socialism
Warren E. Crews
Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries
9. Charles Gore (1853-1932): The Eucharist and Prophetic Mission
Don H. Compier
Part II. Examining Prayer Book Revisions Using Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi, and Lex Vivendi
10. Liturgical Revision, Past and Future
Donna R. Hawk-Reinhard and Daniel J. Handschy
11. Theories of Atonement and Sacrifice in Episcopal Eucharistic Prayers
12. Contemporary Eucharistic Texts of Our Anglican and Ecumenical Partners
13. The Filioque: A Test Case
Epilogue: A Method of Analysis
Taking the proposed revision of the 1979 American Book of Common Prayer as a point of reference, this richly informed collection of scholarly essays fruitfully unites historical and theological methodologies. It illuminates the patristic origins, historical phases, and pivotal trends in the development of an ongoing Anglican Eucharistic tradition, as illustrated in the theology of such key figures as Thomas Rattray, Samuel Seabury, John Henry Hobart, and Robert Isaac Wilberforce. Content is matched by context, with the thematic lodestar provided by the creative application of the three interlocking liturgical laws – ‘lex credendi’, ‘lex orandi’ and ‘lex vivendi’. These core elements are skilfully utilised, avoiding liturgical antiquarianism by relating Eucharistic theology and liturgy dynamically to the worshiping life of the community. The past is thus drawn upon to inform and suggest blueprints or models for current and future liturgical revision in the Episcopal Church, uniting oranda with credenda to underpin vivenda, in support of renewal of a Eucharist-shaped Church. This is historical theology and liturgical study in the service of living praxis at its best. Based on innovative and high quality research, it is a worthy addition to the Anglican Studies Series.
Firmly grounded in the best of historical and theological scholarship on the various editions of the Books of Common Prayer, this collection of excellent essays merits wide readership especially among Episcopalians and Anglicans concerned with liturgical revision in a changed cultural, social, and ecclesial context today. The goal here is, indeed, to articulate clearly the relationship of the lex orandi, flowing from the Eucharistic Liturgy, to both the lex credendi, and lex vivendi. As such, this collection will be of interest also to those outside of Episcopal and Anglican circles for whom the articulation of this relationship is also paramount, not only because of changed cultural and social issues, but because of contemporary challenges to historic forms and interpretations of sacramental liturgy itself. I highly recommend it.
This is a rare gem. A collection of high-quality essays on the eucharistic theology and ecclesiology of leading figures in the history of the Episcopal Church and the wider Anglican Communion, intended to provide a sound theological basis for future liturgical revision.
It wasn’t too long after the galleys were finally set for the 1979 Book of Common Prayer that calls for revision began to rise. Memories are short and without the aid of the internet to amplify church-wide conversation and debate, we may have forgotten how much negotiation and compromise accompanied the deep theological and liturgical work that made the latest prayer book possible. As the Episcopal Church moves toward imminent prayer book revision with the technologies of social media and the urgencies of institutional preservation pressing in, this collection of essays focusing on Eucharistic liturgies provides the historical and theological grounding necessary for thoughtful consideration of the next revision. This text is at once accessible and thorough and I commend it to faithful worshippers, fellow bishops and theologians alike.