This book reexamines the concepts of fundamentalism and religious Orthodoxy in the contemporary world. It brings together twelve essays by some of the leading scholars on Orthodox Christianity that explore the relationship between Orthodoxy and fundamentalist ideas and practices, both in countries and regions where Orthodox Christianity has been the dominant and traditional faith, and in the “New World,” where Orthodox Christian communities constitute a minority. The main issues that the contributors explore include fundamentalism as a religious and ideological phenomenon, the relationship between fundamentalism, traditionalism and modernity, fundamentalism in the contemporary Orthodox world, fundamentalist responses to the issues of modernization, pluralism, and democracy, Orthodox Christian responses to political liberalism and secularism, and Orthodox theology and the construction of the (fundamentalist) self.
Davor Džalto is professor of religion and democracy at Stockholm School of Theology (University College Stockholm), and president of The Institute for the Study of Culture and Christianity.
George E. Demacopoulos is Fr. John Meyendorff & Patterson Family Chair of Orthodox Christian Studies at Fordham University, where he co-founded and co-directs the Orthodox Christian Studies Center.
1. The Recent Invention of “Traditional” Orthodoxy
George E. Demacopoulos
2. A Christian Secularism or Fundamentalism as Anti-Pluralism?
3. The Notion of “Orthodoxy” as the Sole True Faith: A Specific Cause of Orthodox Christian Rigorism/Fundamentalism
Vasilios N. Makrides
4. How to Be the Right Kind of “Fundamentalist”
5. “Orthodoxy is the Clue to the Solution”: Fundamentalism in the Ideology and Practice of Orthodox Political Movements in Contemporary Russia
Anastasia V. Mitrofanova
6. Pax Russicana and Pax Suecana: The Union of Fundamentalism and Nationalism in Sweden and Russia
7. Fundamentalism and Conversion to Eastern Orthodoxy in the West: Reflections on the Myth of Orthodoxy
8. Fundamentalism and Dialectical Encounters in the Greek Orthodox Church in the United States: The Case of Elder Ephraim of Arizona
9. From Orthodoxy to “Orthodoxism”: Reflections on a Sad Regression
10. Theoretical Presupposition of Christian Fundamentalism
11. Religious Fundamentalism: Theology in the Service of Psychosis
12. Eschatology and Fundamentalism