In the twenty-first century, gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) has emerged as a development tool that explores if and how gender equality goals and targets are being effectively supported through government funding. Gender-Responsive Budgeting in Practice: Lessons from Nigeria and Selected Developing Countries argues that, although justified by the high costs of gender inequality to economic growth and development, the use of GRB as a tool to achieve global and regional gender equality goals has seen little progress in the twenty-first century, especially in developing countries. Through analyses of government budgets and the budgeting process, and gender equality outcomes in Nigeria and the selected countries from 2000 to 2020, the contributors show that GRB has failed to gain traction or thrive in developing countries. Using these analyses, the contributors identify critical success factors that are missing in policy-making and planning in the developing world and must be integrated in order to further facilitate inclusive growth and sustainable development.
Bola Akanji is an international development consultant of agricultural policy, gender, and economic development and teaches at Quinnipiac University in the United States.
Funmi Soetan is professor of economics and gender studies at Obafemi Awolowo University in Nigeria and a national policy advisor.
Introduction: Gender Responsive Budgeting in Developing Countries: An Inclusive Development Tool in Muted Progress
Part 1: Conceptualizing Gender Responsive Budgeting for Traction
Chapter One: Rationale and Entry-Points for Gender Responsive Budgeting in Developing Countries
Chapter Two: “Speaking to Data”: Gender Statistics as an Imperative for GRBs
Bola Akanji, Funmi Soetan, and Tolulope Jerumeh
Part 2: Fiscal Policies, Budgets, and Gender Equality in Nigeria
Chapter Three: Does Research Influence Policies in Favor of Gender Responsive Budgeting? Evidence from Nigeria’s Education Sector
Adebukola Daramola, Bola Akanji and Abubakar Oladeji
Chapter Four: Policy Trends, Budgetary Practices, and Gender Equality in Nigeria’s Education Sector: A Historical Lens on Governance Regimes
Monica Adele Orisadare and Ayoola Helen Akinyemi
Chapter Five: The Paradox of Gender Policies and Gender Budgets: Critique of the Nigerian Agricultural Sector Policies and Budgets
Olanike. F. Deji, Bola Akanji, Dorcas L. Alabi, and Aanuoluwa O. Opayinka
Chapter Six: Does Presumptive Taxation Promote the Tenets of a Good Tax System? Stakeholder Assessment of Associational Tax Regime in the Informal Sector of Lagos State, Nigeria
Abiodun A. Adegboye, Funmi Soetan, and Adeniyi O. Adekanla
Chapter Seven: A Gender Audit of Financial Governance in Nigeria: Analysis of Participation in Budgetary Processes in Selected States
Fidelis Allen, Emem Okon, and Grace Isodiki Allen
Part 3: Cross-Country Learning Experiences of Gender Responsive Budgeting
Chapter Eight: Gender-Responsive Budgeting in South Korea
Chapter Nine: Designing and Using Indicators of Gender Equality: Lessons from Timor-Leste Siobhan Austen and Monica Costa
Chapter Ten: Gender Gap Analysis of the Budgeting Process in Ethiopia’s Public Financial Management System
Misrak Tamiru, Enat Shiferaw, and Neteru Wondwosen
Chapter Eleven: Gender Responsive Budgeting in Ghana: Reality or Rhetoric?
Vera Acheampong and Abena D. Oduro
Chapter Twelve: The Budget’s Impacts on Gender Equality: An Empirical Analysis of Foreign Aid in West Africa
Funmi Soetan, Phillip Olofin, and Ifeolu Olagbaju
Chapter Thirteen: Criss-crossing the West Africa Region: ISODEC’s Lessons of Experience in Gender Responsive Budgeting
Chapter Fourteen: Gender Responsive Budgeting: Lessons from the Eastern and Southern Africa Region
Epilogues: Opportunities and Threats to GRB in Developing Countries: Looking Ahead
Epilogue One: GRB: From the Margins to the Mainstream
Epilogue Two: Imperatives and Politics of Financing Gender Equality in Developing Countries: GRB to the Rescue?
Olufunke Mojubaolu Okome
Online supplemental texts available to view for Gender-Responsive Budgeting in Practice: Lessons from Nigeria and Selected Developing Countries, Edited by Bola Akanji and Funmi Soetan.