Insurgency, Terrorism, and Counterterrorism in Africa, edited by George Klay Kieh, Jr. and Kelechi A. Kalu, addresses the need for a systematic understanding and examination of insurgent movements and terrorist organizations, as well as state policies that instigate intrastate conflicts in African states. It examines and documents the tactics that are used by anti-government forces, states’ counterterrorism responses, and the human security impacts of insecurity on citizens across various communities in Africa. The contributors’ extensive research methods include case studies that explore activities of terrorist organizations like Al Shabaab, Al Qaeda, Boko Haram, and the Islamic State. It presents new and productive insights about counterterrorism strategies deployed by selected African states, the African Union, and the U.S. A historically rich and politically focused analysis of states as co-conspirators in terrorism-induced insecurity in Africa, this book challenges existing literature on terrorism that largely focuses on the actions of non-state entities. It provides practical insights to policymakers that desire to end insecurity and promote inclusive governance in Africa.
George Klay Kieh, Jr. is dean of the Barbara Jordan-Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs and professor of political science at Texas Southern University, and professor of international relations at the African Methodist Episcopal University.
Kelechi A. Kalu is professor of political science at the University of California, Riverside.
List of Figures and Tables
PART I: BACKGROUND
Chapter 1: Introduction: The African Landscape, Insurgency, and Terrorism
George Klay Kieh, Jr. and Kelechi A. Kalu
Chapter 2: Explaining Insurgency and Terrorism
Kelechi A. Kalu
PART II: CASE STUDIES
Chapter 3: Al Shabab’s Insurgency in Somalia
Chapter 4: Boko Haram’s Insurgency in Nigeria
Chapter 5: Al-Qaeda: Scoping and Countering Jihadist Nebula in West Africa
Al Chukwuma Okoli
Chapter 6: The Rise and Influence of ISIS in Sub-Saharan Africa
PART III: COUNTER-TERRORISM
Chapter 7: Assessing the Economic Community of West Africa (ECOWAS) Counter-terrorism Strategy
Clayton Hazvinei Vhumbunu
Chapter 8: The U.S. Counter-terrorism Regime in Africa
George Klay Kieh, Jr.
PART IV: LESSONS AND INSIGHTS
Chapter 9: Toward Addressing the Scourge of Insurgency and Terrorism in Africa
About the Editors and Contributors
"This book is a must-read, as it interrogates the dynamics between insurgency, terrorism, and counterterrorism in Africa and beyond, critically examining their relations and the consequences of their actions through interdisciplinary and multi-theoretical perspectives and offering in-depth case studies’ analysis and insight towards a deeper, comprehensive understanding of the nature of their goals, their structures, and their functionality. It lays the strong ground on policy issues to resolve conflicts by the state and non-state actors and their supporters in a competitive, complex web of interests and intrigue of powers.
World politics requires firm and democratic resolutions to combat insurgency and terrorism at the national, regional, international, and global levels rooted in the respect of national laws, promotion of human dignity, and sustained economic welfarism.
Within a theoretical framework that challenges the conceptual chaos that characterizes the studies of insurgency, terrorism, and counterterrorism in Africa and globally, this book is based on detailed research with strong scholarship, steering us to the crisis within the apparatuses of security, the state, and African politics.
Theoretically pluralistic, and critically balanced with analytically sound tools and data, this book adds new intellectual vibrancy to the literature of insurgency, terrorism, and counterterrorism in Africa. Considering the sharp and rich qualitative methodological contributions, which can be appreciated by both scholars and policymakers, it is a highly recommended piece in one’s own research desk and library, and/or as a teaching syllabus material."
"What is terrorism? Who is a terrorist? Does waging a war against terror work? What counterterrorism strategies work? What is insurgency? How does it differ from terrorism? How have African states responded to terrorism and insurgencies? Should we trust all claims made by states on counterterrorism? There are no homogenous answers. However, Insurgency, Terrorism, and Counterterrorism in Africa, edited by George Klay Kieh, Jr. and Kelechi A. Kalu gives comprehensive, tightly argued analysis on these important subjects. This book theorizes terrorism, insurgency, and counterterrorism. It also offers sound explanations for the rise and proliferation of insurgencies as well as private and state-sponsored terrorism in the African continent. Further, it presents and evaluates the multiple counterterrorism strategies developed and employed by states and international organizations in the continent in brilliant, well-researched exposition and analyses. Although some of the expressions of terrorism are local, many are also regional and transnational. Counterterrorism is also influenced and shaped by local, regional, and global dynamics. Major global players such as the United States of America and its allies, international organizations such as the United Nations, and regional organizations have devised responses to the escalating threats from insurgent and terrorist groups. For example, the rationale offered for waging the war on terrorism counterinsurgency by the US after 9/11 has gained traction in many African countries that rationalize state-sponsored terrorism and attendant human rights abuses as well as repression using the same rhetoric and justifications. The case studies in this book—on Nigeria, Somalia, various terrorist groups, and counterterrorism—present multiple, theoretically grounded perspectives that offer deep explication of some of the most significant problems of our time—in the African continent. This is a great book for practitioners, scholars, and students as well as laypersons who want to understand the issues, problems, and proposed solutions by the erudite scholars who contributed to this volume. The editors deserve commendation for a job well done, that contributes to our pool of knowledge on the subject matter and African Studies. This book also presents complex information in an accessible, refreshing, and interesting manner."
"Insurgency, Terrorism, and Counterterrorism is a masterly book on a burning issue that threatens the destruction of an entire continent. This book's strength lies in its groundedness of notable experiences, with attentiveness to details of destruction. Its key value lies in its policy prescriptions for long-lasting peace and security. The vibrancy of the scholarship must be translated to the urgency of policies to overcome the tyranny of death."
Editors Kieh and Kalu interrogate the intimate connections linking insurgency, terrorism, and counterterrorism and examine their deadly consequences across Africa. To accomplish this, they assembled a talented, diverse group of contributors who deliver valuable interdisciplinary perspectives. This engaging collection presents germane case studies on Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram, Al-Qaeda, and ISIS and chapters examining responses by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the US. As a bonus, the text incorporates both state and non-state actors, providing useful insights into regional, national, and human security across the continent and making prudent policy recommendations to address remaining challenges. This well-written, persuasively argued, deeply researched book is timely and relevant. Overall, this study makes a worthwhile contribution to a nuanced understanding of the twin problems of insurgency and terrorism in Africa and the necessity of appropriate responses to counter them that reach beyond traditional military campaigns and address underlying causes. This impressive work is a significant step toward an important goal. Anyone interested in insurgency and terrorism in Africa will greatly profit from reading this fine volume. Highly recommended. Advanced undergraduates through faculty; professionals.