Interrogating Xenophobia and Nativism in Twenty-First-Century Africa interrogates xenophobia and nativism in Africa and how they hamper the realisation of Pan-Africanism. The contributors examine migration in Africa, immigration policies and politics, and the social impacts and history of xenophobia and nativism in African life and culture. Through their analyses, the contributors explore how xenophobia and nativism have impacted the Pan-Africanism movement. The book also offers suggestions for reducing xenophobia and nativism in Africa, including bettering immigration policies and creating socioeconomic structures that would enrich the public and help prevent the pervasive belief that immigrants usurp limited opportunities for the poor in the countries they immigrate to.
Emmanuel Matambo is research director for the Centre for Africa-China Studies (CACS) at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
Introduction: Vying for Prominence: Xenophobia, Nativism and the prospects for Pan-Africanism in Twenty-First Century Africa
Emmanuel Kasonde Matambo
Part I: Nativism and Xenophobia in Africa: Historical Contexts
Chapter One: Citizenship Crisis, Pervasive Nativity and Rising Afro-phobia: Engaging Africa’s “Trilemma” and Their Drivers in the Age of Globalization
Adeniyi S. Basiru
Chapter Two: The Psychology and the Psychosocial Impacts of Xenophobia and Nativism
Kizito N. C. Okeke
Chapter Three: Xenophobia and the Legacy of Apartheid in South Africa: The Continued Process of Creating Subalterns in Africa
Chapter Four: “Xenophobia” or “Afrophobia”: Policy Perspective
Chapter Five: #NigeriaMustFall: Exploring the Contours of New Media, Agenda Setting, and Communication Imperatives
Janet Abosede Ogundairo, Victor Onyilor Achem, and Feyisetan Ijimakinwa
Part II: South Africa and Anti-Foreign National Sentiment: Xeno- or Afro-phobia?
Chapter Six: Are South Africans Really Anti-Heterogeneity? A Discourse Analysis of the Extent of Xenophobia in South Africa
Happy Mathew Tirivangasi and Samukezi Mrubula-Ngwenya
Chapter Seven: Restoring the Fading Rainbow: Live Liyengcayelwa as a Philosophico-Ethical Resource to Addressing Xenophobic Tensions in South Africa
Sunday Paul C. Onwuegbuchulam
Chapter Eight: A Dangerous Denial: South Africa’s African National Congress’s Erroneous Characterisation of Attacks on Foreign Nationals
Emmanuel Kasonde Matambo
Part III: The African Union and Xenophobia: Is Pan-Africanism Doomed?
Chapter Nine: How Relevant is Pan-Africanism in Twenty-First Century Africa?
Chapter Ten: Afrocentric Development: The Model that Matters for Africa
Chapter Eleven: Xenophobia in South Africa, 2008-2010: Is Pan-Africanism Still Alive or Dying?
Chapter Twelve: “We Versus Them”: National Identity and African Union’s Pan Africanist Vision
Akinkunmi Afeez Akinlabi
Chapter Thirteen: The African Union and the Problem of Xenophobia in South Africa
Festus Chibuike Onuegbu
Conclusion: Xenophobia, Nativism and the Prospects for Pan-Africanism in Twenty-First-Century Africa: The Story So Far
“Without the world in general and Africa in particular exorcising the demon of xenophobia, humanity will never know real peace and enjoy true happiness. Interrogating Xenophobia and Nativism in Twenty-First Century Africa, exploiting the superb intellectual and political education and experience of the contributors, lays a powerful foundation for systematically engaging with the spectre of xenophobia especially in Africa.
Although the focus is largely on xenophobia and South Africa, the book solidly anchors the discussion in Africa, Afro-phobia, and the elusive dream of Pan-Africanism. It is a must-read for every person willing to make their contribution to a world free of xenophobia and its deadly consequences.
The book is one that every college and university, especially in Africa, must use particularly for undergraduate exploratory studies of the subjects of xenophobia, Afro-phobia, and Pan-Africanism. Skilfully edited, very readable, and well arranged, the contributors offer a wonderful panoramic view of the topics covered to enable both a general reader and an academic user to traverse the book as they wish.”
"Emmanuel Matambo has assembled a diverse Pan-African team of scholars to tackle one of Africa’s most contemporary scourges – xenophobia – with a particular focus on South Africa. This book deserves to be widely read by scholars, policymakers, and civil society activists across Africa and beyond.”