Peacebuilding in Africa: The Post-Conflict State and Its Multidimensional Crises argues that building enduring peace in post-conflict states in Africa requires comprehensive, state-specific approaches that address the multidimensional crises that generated civil conflict and instabilities in these countries. Contributors examine states such as Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, and Sudan to demonstrate that peacebuilding projects in each of these states must address the cultural, economic, political, and social root causes of their respective underlying civil conflicts. In addition, contributors prove that peacebuilding projects must be shaped by the centrality of human security: the respect for ethno-cultural diversity, the advancement of human material well-being, the protection of political rights and civil liberties, and the redesigning of the military and security architecture to ensure the safety of all citizens from both internal and external threats.
Kelechi A. Kalu is professor of political science at the University of California, Riverside.
George Klay Kieh, Jr. is dean of the Barbara Jordan-Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs, professor of Political Science at Texas Southern University, and professor in the Graduate Program in International Relations at the African Methodist Episcopal University (AMEU), Liberia.
Introduction: Building Peace after Civil Conflicts in Africa
Kelechi A. Kalu and George Klay Kieh, Jr.
Chapter 1: Building Peace after Conflicts: Theoretical Issues
Kelechi A. Kalu
Chapter 2: Burundi: Diplomacy, Peacemaking, Peacekeeping, and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, 1993-2019
Chapter 3: Peacebuilding in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Chapter 4: Post-Conflict Peacebuilding in Liberia
George Klay Kieh, Jr.
Chapter 5: Post-Conflict Peacebuilding in Rwanda: Successes, Challenges, and Opportunities
Chapter 6: Liberal Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone
Emmanuel Vincent Nelson Kallon
Chapter 7: The Challenges and Opportunities of Security Sector Reform in South Sudan
Clayton Hazvinei Vhumbunu
Chapter 8: Transitional Justice in Sudan
Chapter 9: Conflict Resolution and Freedom in Africa
Lessons and Insights: Toward Durable Peace in Africa’s Post-Conflict Societies
In this timely and compelling volume, Kalu and Kieh, two of the most influential Africanists of our time, take on a question that has gnawed at generations of African scholars and policy makers: Why have so many well-intentioned peacebuilding/peace-rebuilding efforts in Africa failed to produce the desired outcome? Their answer, which is based on a sophisticated critique of extant IR theories and an in-depth analysis of seven case studies, implicates “the common tendency in both the scholarly literature and the corridors of policy-making that depicts all civil conflicts in Africa as having ethno-communal factors as their root causes.” To succeed, therefore, peacebuilders should seek some granularity and avoid formulaic prescriptions. That message is as urgent today as it is applicable to other issue-areas in African affairs.
This is a remarkable response to the urgent demand for a comprehensive, insightful, and readable anatomy of conflict and peacebuilding in Africa. The sobering case studies—from Burundi to Sudan—reflect and engage diversely complex continental struggles for peace in a context of simmering tensions and war-waging. Collectively, the authors offer richly layered theoretical, historical, juridical, political, and strategically functional analyses, nuanced arguments, and solid evidence. This is compulsory reading for those invested in grappling with the pressing degradations of war. Kalu and Kieh are to be commended for a vitally important contribution that disrupts our complacency and insistently guides us to exciting possibilities for building enduring peace in the African continent.
As Africa seeks to “silence the gun” and promote sustainable peace, this volume is a welcome contribution to knowledge and policy making, as it engages the sources and dimensions of conflicts and the ways, opportunities, and challenges in promoting peacebuilding in Africa, with seven country case-studies. A brilliant volume from seasoned African scholars, the book should serve as a valuable resource for academics, policy makers, development practitioners, and other stakeholders working on Africa's peace project, which constitutes the foundation for the development and structural transformation of the Continent.
This cutting edge anthology brings together the research findings of some of the best practitioners working in the field of conflict and peacebuilding/peacemaking in war-torn Africa. From Burundi to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda in the troubled Great Lakes sub-region; to Sudan and South Sudan, Africa’s new nation-state; to Liberia, Africa’s oldest republic on the West Coast; the contributors deal with the central issues that cohere around the different civil wars, the multi-trajectories for reconstructing war-torn societies, and the profound ramifications for sustainable peace, stability, democracy, and development on the African continent.