Music has long played a prominent role in cultural diplomacy, but until now no resource has comparatively examined policies that shape how non-western countries use music for international relations. Ethnomusicology and Cultural Diplomacy, edited by scholars David G. Hebert and Jonathan McCollum, demonstrates music's role in international relations worldwide. Specifically, this book offers "insider" views from expert contributors writing about music as a part of cultural diplomacy initiatives in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Syria, Japan, China, India, Vietnam, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Nigeria. Unique features include the book’s emphasis on diverse legal frameworks, decolonial perspectives, and cultural policies that serve as a basis for how nations outside “the west” use music in their relationships with Europe and North America.
David G. Hebert is professor of music at Western Norway University of Applied Sciences.
Jonathan McCollum is professor of music at Washington College.
Table of Contents
Preface: Why this Topic and these Authors
David G. Hebert
Part I: Introduction to Music and Cultural Diplomacy
Chapter One: Introduction: Ethnomusicology as a Resource for Cultural Diplomacy
Chapter Two: International Soft Law and the Promotion of Musical Rights
Marja Heimonen and David G. Hebert
Part II: Middle Eastern Perspectives
Chapter Three: “A Very Beautiful Image of Afghanistan”: Cultural Diplomacy through Music Education and Performance
Chapter Four: Music Festivals and Cultural Diplomacy in Uzbekistan
Elnora Mamadjanova and David G. Hebert
Chapter Five: Sufi Voices: Music as a Unifying Pathway toward the Divine
Chapter Six: Soft War and Multilateral Musical Pathways in Iran
PART III: East Asian Views
Chapter Seven: Cultural Diplomacy in Collaborative Artistic Projects between China and Europe
Marianne Løkke Jakobsen and David G. Hebert
Chapter Eight: A Gap in Cultural Policy: Non-Japanese Experiences of Learning Japanese Music
Chapter Nine: Cultural Diplomacy and Transculturation through the History of Vọng Cổ in Vietnam
Nguyễn Thanh Thủy and Stefan Östersjö
PART IV: African Insights
Chapter Ten: Cultural Policies and Music Production Across Ethiopian Regimes: A Historical Study
Abraha Weldu and Jan Magne Steinhovden
Chapter Eleven: Musical Activism from South Africa: The “Soft Power” of Cultural Diplomacy
Chapter Twelve: Intercultural Relations in Church Music of Nigeria and South Africa
PART V: Legal Perspectives from Asia
Chapter Thirteen: Cultural Heritage and Music Diplomacy: The Legal Framework in India
Chapter Fourteen: China’s Legal Framework Supporting Protection and Sustainability of Artistic Heritage
Part VI: Conclusion: Rethinking Music Heritage and Cultural Diplomacy
Chapter Fifteen: Toward Global Models and Benchmarks for Music Diplomacy
David G. Hebert and Jonathan McCollum
Cultural diplomacy in music presentation and performance is very much an emerging concern among both musicians and musicologists. Musicians are actively re-evaluating their practices, but also their rights and their obligations as custodians of both old and new music. How are they are used as diplomats to promote corporations and nation states? How do they work across borders, how do they mix at global festivals, and how do they negotiate their place within and across cultures? Musicologists and ethnomusicologists are struggling to decolonize their academic discourse, but how can they break Western cultural hegemony, in order to practice diplomacy, to listen to and value diverse voices from around the world? Innovative and impressive, Ethnomusicology and Cultural Diplomacy sets out to answer these questions by bringing together different voices and different perspectives. The book’s contributors come from inside and outside the West, and often challenge previous writing. The book contains overviews and discussions of copyright and “soft power,” but will be most valuable for its up-to-date, closely focused ethnographies that range from Nigeria and South Africa to Ethiopia, from China and Japan to Vietnam, from India and Afghanistan to Iran, and from Uzbekistan to Norway.
This rich and varied collection highlights the subtle but powerful role that music plays in making the world a more hospitable place. The wide-ranging chapters, all written by experts and activists, deal with specific places and processes and enrich our understanding of how cultural exchange and learning happen and come to be transpired. A must read for ethnomusicology and for anyone with an interest in the role of culture in our complex world today.