The ideologies and practices of various populist movements are centered on issues of gender, especially idealized notions of masculinity. Offering cultural, political, and historical approaches from a range of interdisciplinary and international perspectives, The Culture and Politics of Populist Masculinities analyzes articulations and performances that link populism to masculinity. In particular, the collection studies political participation in the form of public debates, media, and popular culture. The authors emphasize that in order to understand what can be defined as populism, we need to look at the culture that it inhabits and the efforts to claim, challenge, and reclaim the popular. Writing from a wide range of international contexts, the contributors to The Culture and Politics of Populist Masculinities explore how populist masculinities are articulated and performed, whether there is something problematic about a specifically masculine populism, and whether there is hope for a pluralist, inclusive, even progressive form of masculine populism.
Culture and Politics of Populist Masculinities’ international range of contributors explore how populist masculinities are articulated and performed, whether there is something problematic about a specifically masculine populism, and whether there is hope for a pluralist, inclusive, even progressive form of masculine populism.
Outi Hakola is senior researcher at the Department of Cultures, University of Helsinki.
Janne Salminen is doctoral candidate at the Doctoral Programme in Gender, Culture and Society, University of Helsinki.
Juho Turpeinen is doctoral candidate in the Doctoral Programme in Political, Societal and Regional Change at the University of Helsinki.
Oscar Winberg is doctoral candidate at the History Department of Åbo Akademi University.
Table of Contents
Outi Hakola, Janne Salminen, Juho Turpeinen, and Oscar Winberg
Part I Masculine Populists
Chapter 1: Iberian Swagger vs. Feminist Masculinity: Populist Narratives of Masculinity in Contemporary Spain
Chapter 2: Signifying Illiberalism: Gender and Sport in Viktor Orbán’s Facebook Photos
Chapter 3: Strong Borders and Masculine Orders: The Role of Crisis Frameworks and the US-Mexico Border in the Context of Trump’s Populist Masculinity
Joshua D. Martin
Chapter 4: The Masculinist Restoration Project in the Rhetoric of Anti-Gender Movements: The Case of Turkey
Chapter 5: Nature Lovers and Fuzzy Headed Thinkers: Emotion, Outdoors Masculinity, and the Birth of Anti-Environmentalism
Part II Populist Masculinities
Chapter 6: The Primogeniture of the White Man: Land and Trumpian Populism
Chapter 7: The Populist Body at Work (and War): Fascism, Conspiracism, and Idealized White Heroism in Falling Down (1993), Forrest Gump (1995), and Fight Club (1999)
Chapter 8: Hypermasculine Images and the Hindu Identity in Malayalam Cinema
Chapter 9: A Prophecy of Bolsonaro: Masculinity and Populism in the Elite Squad Films
Chapter 10: Send in the Clowns: Twisted Masculinity, Supergendering and the Aesthetics of Populism in Todd Phillips’ JOKER (2019)
Chapter 11: Crisis of Masculinity in Disney Era Star Wars Sequel Trilogy
The Culture and Politics of Populist Masculinities represents an invaluable addition to the current discourse around presentations of masculinity in art and society. By linking broader sociological impacts with clear fictional representations, Populist Masculinities highlights how some of the more troubling aspects of masculinity remain deeply embedded in our socio-political culture. The two-headed specter of populism and hyper-masculinity is both captured and dissected through effective and wide-ranging discourse. Populist Masculinities is a must-have for anyone who wants to broaden their understanding of the nature and scale of the issue.