This book analyzes how de facto states—including Nagorno Karabakh, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria, Kosovo, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Somaliland, and Taiwan—have developed without recognition of sovereignty from the international community.
Michael J. Seth is professor of history at James Madison University.
Chapter 1: A World of States
Chapter 2: Mountain Republic: Nagorno Karabakh (Artsakh)
Chapter 3: Breakaway States from a Breakaway State: Abkhazia and South Ossetia
Chapter 4: Shoestring of Europe: Transnistria
Chapter 5: Born of Ethnic Cleansing: Kosovo
Chapter 6: Divided Island: Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Chapter 7: State in Waiting: Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Chapter 8: Not Being Somalia: Somaliland
Chapter 9: One China, Two Countries: Taiwan
Chapter 10: Not Quite De Facto States
Conclusion: What Can We Learn from De Facto States?