Current debates on Turkish foreign policy flamed by Turkey’s purchase of S-400 air defense systems from Russia throws into question Turkey-US relations and poses a challenge to Turkey’s membership in NATO, which has been regarded as the most important symbol of Turkey’s alliance with the West. However, Turkey’s maneuvers between the US and Russia are not unique to the present era as they can be traced back to the Cold War period. In fact, Turkey’s alliance with the West did not prevent Turkey from establishing special relations with the Soviet Union. This book, which is spurred by Glenn Snyder’s theory on alliance politics, indicates that Turkey’s foreign policy moves shaped in accordance with the fear of abandonment and the fear of entrapment with regards to its relations with the US, did not only stay within the boundaries of the Cold War, but further moved beyond that era. The authors argue that Turkey’s maneuvers to balance the US with Russia in the historical context constitute a strong element of continuity and a significant pattern in Turkish foreign policy. Yet, the authors underline that the motives behind this legacy have changed in the 2010s due to the transformations occurred within global, regional as well as domestic contexts.
Nur Çetinoğlu Harunoğlu is assistant professor of international relations at Marmara University.
Ayşegül Sever is professor of international relations at Marmara University.
Emre Erşen is professor of international relations at Marmara University.
Chapter 1: A Faithful Balancer: The Legacy of the Cold War in Turkey’s Relations with the United States and Russia
Chapter 2: Interrogating an Ally: Turkey and the United States after the Cold War
Chapter 3: A Rollercoaster Relationshiop: Turkey and Russia after the Cold War
This informative and analytically robust monograph explores how Turkey’s relations with the United States and Russia have evolved in parallel since the end of the Cold War. It outlines Turkey’s balancing act, tactical maneuvers, and shifts in orientation in relation to the two powers and, crucially, sets them in the historical context of the Cold War. The book will constitute a valuable point of reference for academics, students, and policymakers alike for years to come.
This timely volume examines the motivations behind Turkish foreign policy as it maneuvers between maintaining its traditional Western orientation and bolstering its relationship with Russia. Adopting a historical and analytical perspective, it demonstrates both that Turkey's apparent drift away from the West is not entirely new and that its reengagement with Russia is driven by a host of global, regional, and domestic factors. This book will be of great interest to policymakers, academic specialists, and students of Turkish foreign policy.
This is a timely and meticulously researched book that presents a compelling analysis of Turkey’s complex relations with the United States and Russia. The study presents valuable insights by examining Turkey’s relations with the United States and Russia in parallel with each other in a historical context, as well as in relation to current debates regarding Turkish foreign policy from a more analytical perspective. This is a must-read in the field of Turkish foreign policy.