Drawing on C. Wright Mills's "sociological imagination," Fong develops a new understanding of Friedrich Nietzsche, in which the anti-sociological father of existential philosophy is rediscovered as the founder and most profound practitioner of critical sociology. Though Nietzsche's sociology is partly rooted in the praxis-related struggles of the Übermensch, the "overcomer" serves also as an ideal type for a new mode of seeing, being, and existing. Thus, Nietzsche's critical sociology represents the first step in the formulation of an existential sociology, which is the larger ambition of the book. Fong's analysis of Nietzsche is scrupulously grounded in primary-source material and is contextualized through the author's impressive understanding of contemporary social theory. Fong's Nietzsche is a profound critic of the modern condition and is explicitly examined as a forerunner of the critical theory of the Frankfurt School (and its critiques of conformity, the culture. Highly recommended.