Mali is often depicted as a successor state of the Ancient Mali Empire. Since 2012, a lasting political, social, and security crisis has engulfed the country. Non-state armed groups, community militias, and fundamental Islamist fighters, have been wreaking havoc in a state that was praised for its diversity and religious tolerance. Amidst these violent conflicts, various narratives have been employed to mobilize support for Mali. These narratives have not prevented the rise of community-centered strategies for survival. Fula, the largest West African community, has often been associated with narratives related to violent conflict. Subjective appropriations have fueled peacebuilding and warmongering. National Narratives of Mali: Fula Communities in Times of Crisis analyzes the narratives employed in Mali by actors in the field to justify their actions and strategies. Dougoukolo Alpha Oumar Ba Konaré studies the reactions from Fula communities that have experienced and created narratives of their own, based on their own senses of identity.
Dougoukolo Alpha Oumar Ba Konaré teaches at Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales (INALCO), Paris, France.
Chapter 1: Theoretical Framing of Narratives and Stereotypes
Chapter 2: Narrating Mali and Malians
Chapter 3: Birthing and Updating Narratives
Chapter 4: Clashing Episodes in Fula Narratives
Chapter 5: Looking Toward Lasting Paradigms