Through a green criminological perspective, Angus Nurse examines the contemporary reality of corporate environmental crime and illegal activities that have become normalized within many major corporations. Arguably this is an inevitable consequence of a corporate culture that prioritizes profits and the smooth operation of market activities over environmental concerns coupled with the increased political power of major corporations that can act almost with impunity and where problems do occur, can literally buy itself out of trouble. These same corporations are broadly perceived as being responsible actors. However, Nurse argues that corporate environmental offending is often deliberate and that corporations understand that they will often be allowed to continue with polluting and non-compliant behavior because the likely enforcement responses are fines and settlements rather than criminal prosecution. Using several case studies, Nurse explores biopiracy and the rights of indigenous peoples, the behavior of oil companies in African states, the regulation of corporate social responsibility and corporate environmental responsibility, an analysis of contemporary environmental legislation and the prosecution of environmental harm, and state-corporate crime and air pollution. Dealing with these problems requires a wider notion of crime and wrongdoing that directly engages with the types of environmental offending that represent a threat to human populations and non-human nature irrespective of whether these are defined as crime by justice systems.
Angus Nurse is head of Criminology and Criminal Justice Department at Nottingham Trent University.
Chapter 1: Defining Corporate Environmental Crime
Chapter 2: Critical Perspectives on Environmental Crime, Green Criminology and Corporate Environmental Offending
Chapter 3: The Causes of Corporate Environmental Crime and Criminality
Chapter 4: Cleaning Up Greenwash: Corporate Environmental Responsibility and Environmental Crime
Chapter 5: Creative Compliance, Constructive Compliance: Corporate Environmental Crime and the Criminal Entrepreneur
Chapter 6: Corporate Exploitation of Natural Resources (Oil and Gas and Timber Trafficking)
Chapter 7: Corporate Environmental Crime: Biopiracy
Chapter 8: Corporate Environmental Crime and Climate Justice
Chapter 9: Corporations and Human Rights
Chapter 10: Remedying Corporate Environmental Crime
Cleaning Up Greenwash is a stark reminder that environmental cleanliness only begins when humankind recognizes the environmental mess it has made. An indispensable must-read, Nurse's book is essential for anyone who cares about our present environment and the future of our planet
Years of legal oil exploration lead to polluted, undrinkable water in a region. Because the activity is legal, this is not a crime despite the harm it has caused. Nurse makes a compelling argument that demonstrates, as in this example, how current legal and social systems do not accurately cover the malfeasance of corporations. Corporations are often seen as benign entities incapable of crime and thus fall under regulations rather than criminal law. In this view, any wrong is the result of bad individuals within a corporation rather than the corporation itself. However, the emerging field of green criminology suggests that the very nature of capitalism and production means that corporate harm to the environment is an inevitable outcome. This a clear-eyed introduction to green criminology. Highly Recommended. Undergraduates, graduate students, and practitioners