This book examines how citizens use digital social media to engage in public discontent that is physical and digital at the same time. Based on more than 60 interviews with protest participants and analysis of social media content in Ukraine and Russia, the book examines how citizens in countries with limited media freedom and corrupt authorities perceive the affordances of digital media for protest and how these enable or limit protest action depending on the political and social context. Though digitally mediated discontent does not always lead to change, it allows for a qualitatively different protest experience, transforming co-presence, protest communities and networks, witnessing of events, and protest visibility. The book develops the concept of ‘augmented dissent’ as a useful way to explain how protest happens in the hybrid spaces where material and digital elements of reality are closely entangled.
Tetyana Lokot is an Assistant Professor in Digital Media and Society in the School of Communications at Dublin City University.
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Digital Media and Society in Ukraine and Russia
Chapter 3. Euromaidan Protesters: A Snapshot
Chapter 4. Space, Distance and Digital Media
Chapter 5. Socially Mediated Visibility and Protest Witnessing
Chapter 6. Protest Organising and Networked Communities
Chapter 7. Information Sharing and Protest Frames
Chapter 8. Russia: Protest in the Age of Networked Authoritarianism
Chapter 9. Conclusion: Beyond the Protest Square