To have a State, four distinct conditions must be met. First, there must be a community of people, and it matters not whether they belong to the same color, faith, or ethnicity. Second, there must be a geographical space, a settlement that this community of people calls a home. Third, there must be governing authority. And finally, the government must be sovereign – sovereign in the sense that it is self-governing and independent of any domestic or international body. Palestine, Taiwan, and Western Sahara have met all the forestated conditions -- except for broad international support and recognition and membership of the United Nations. However, this has not been the case with Palestine, Taiwan, and Western Sahara. This edited volume examines some of the endogenous and exogenous factors that have contributed to the ambiguous and contested nature of these political entities and argued that the undermined nature of these entities contributes to regional instability and global insecurity. And finally, the continued denial of statehood is a violation of their collective human rights.
Sabella Ogbobode Abidde is professor of political science and a member of the graduate faculty at Alabama State University.
Part I: Nationalism and Nation-States in Recent Times
Chapter 1: International Law and the Politics of Recognition: A Comparative Study of the Palestinian, Western Saharan, And Taiwanese Struggle for Statehood - Priye S. Torulagha
Chapter 2: The Undercurrents of Political Economy of Nationalism - Gbensuglo Alidu Bukari
Chapter 3: U.S. Recognition of the Illegal Israel and Moroccan Annexations of Occupied Territories - Stephen Zunes
Chapter 4: Comparing Hamas and Irgun in the Struggles for Independence: A Continuation of the Same Terrorist Strategy by Different Actors? - Lawrence Mhandara
Part II: Modern Palestine and the Struggle for Independence
Chapter 5: The State of Palestine as a Sovereign Actor in the International Community: Implications for Its Legal Status - Konstantinos Magliveras and Gino Naldi
Chapter 6: The State of Palestine: Between Abstraction and Reality - Federica Stagni
Chapter 7: Towards A Global Agenda: Resolving the Israeli - Palestinian Conflict - Idowu Adetayo Johnson
Part III: Taiwan’s Nationalism and Sovereignty
Chapter 8: Kurdayeti and Taiwan: Identity and Nation Building in Under-Recognized States - Dean Karalekas
Chapter 9: Taiwan in United States Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy Agenda -- Felix Kumah-Abiwu
Part IV: Western Sahara and the Decolonization Process
Chapter 10: Will Western Sahara Statehood Remain Unfinished Business? - Gino Naldi and Cristiano d’Orsi
Chapter 11: The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic: The Case for Independence - J.J.P. Smith
Chapter 12: Western Sahara Peace Process, 1975-2008: An Overview - Meriem Naili
"This volume, edited by Dr. Sabella Abidde, provides a thorough discussion on the issues of statehood and its complexity for Palestine, Taiwan, and Western Sahara, which have been in the process of pursuing it in the international system. This is a must-read for scholars focused on these nations and on the intersection of state-building and state recognition."
“Sabella Abidde’s book Palestine, Taiwan, and Western Sahara: Statehood, Sovereignty, and the International System provides the reader with comparative historical analyses of why all three have not been able to achieve international recognition status despite them having the characteristics of a state. Readers of this volume will have a broader and stronger understanding of the actors, and factors (both internal and external) that play a role in each entities current position in the international system and moreover, what are the current roles, tactics, and activities of key international states and actors that make international recognition confusing as all three engage and are engaged in the international system. This volume provides legal, sociological, political, and cultural perspectives of the struggles that they endure in their quests for recognition as nation-states.”
“This book offers a broad view with a collection of case studies from three world regions, The Middle East, Western Africa and Asia, to shine a light on the significance and complexity of one of the most pressing issues of our time. Themes, including the concepts of independent statehood, sovereignty, self-determination, and security, are best understood in the context of the realities of power politics, a divided international world order and the exponentially growing perils of war and destruction. The facts gathered from observations of the selected areas as well as the discussions presented to support the arguments are relevant and vital points for reflection before negative developments lead to unwanted ends. This makes the book valuable not just for those who are directly involved but all members of the interconnected world.”
“Sabella Abidde’s book, Palestine, Taiwan, and Western Sahara: Statehood, Sovereignty, and the International System, draws on developments in the Middle East, Taiwan Strait, and Western Sahara, which provides an interesting and thought-provoking approach for thinking about statehood and political status when the different regions are considered together. This is an accessible volume for students and researchers who seek to understand the Global IR agenda without being overwhelmed by thick theoretical discussions.”