If God exists, why is there so much pain and suffering, and why isn’t his existence more obvious? In A Theodicy for a Suffering World with a Hidden God, Philip Pegan develops a theodicy in answer to these questions. This theodicy is consistent with theological determinism—the belief that everything is determined by the will of God—and with the possibility that human beings are entirely physical in nature. It affirms that all creatures capable of suffering will eventually enjoy a life of eternal happiness and shows that it is plausible that, if God allows suffering in such a creature, there is an outweighing good that he can bring about in the life of that creature. Pegan’s theodicy is compatible with the claim that the world is unsurpassably good. It assumes value realism but could be revised in a way that preserves its framework and main substance while assuming value antirealism.
Philip Pegan is associate professor of philosophy at Neumann University.
Chapter One: The Christian Account of Cosmos: Some Basic Elements and the Transformation of Cosmos
Chapter Two: Naturally Fitting Origins and Histories
Chapter Three: Human Nature, Early Humans, and a Natural Capacity to be Connected to God Through Our Hearts
Chapter Four: More on Miracles, Angels, and Demons
Chapter Five: A World Actualizer Essentially Unsurpassable in Power, Knowledge, Goodness, and Rationality
Chapter Six: It is Plausible the Christian History of Cosmos is Free of Improvable Creation Circumstances: Part 1
Chapter Seven: It is Plausible the Christian History of Cosmos is Free of Improvable Creation Circumstances: Part 2
Chapter Eight: It is Plausible God Would Actualize a World That Includes the Christian History of Cosmos
Chapter Nine: Revising the Theodicy to Accommodate Different Beliefs and Other Final Points