Using a variety of methodologies from multi-disciplinary backgrounds, this volume is the first to present an in-depth analysis of the life and times of Laskarina Bouboulina, the legendary heroine of the Greek Revolution and one of the most important figures in modern Greek history, the Mediterranean, and indeed, the world. At the age of fifty and mother to ten children, Bouboulina commanded a fleet of ships from the island of Spetses and became the first female admiral in world naval history. But her success on the battlefield is only part of the story – by considering her three-century impact on feminism, cultural production, and as a touchstone of diasporic Greek identity, the contributors to this volume also expand our understanding of her far-reaching and under-recognized contributions.
April Kalogeropoulos Householder is director of Undergraduate Research and Prestigious Scholarships at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, where she has taught gender, sexuality, and media studies.
April Kalogeropoulos Householder
Chapter 1. Re-framing the Greek Revolution: A Critical Survey of Sources Related to Bouboulina
Part I: Philhellenism and the Myth of Bouboulina
Chapter 2. The Greek Heroine: Bouboulina’s Legacy in Nineteenth-Century America
Maureen Connors Santelli
Chapter 3. Bodies at War: Laskarina Bouboulina, Lord Byron, and the Gender Politics of the Greek Revolution
Part II: Representations of Bouboulina in Art and Popular Culture
Chapter 4. Laskarina Bouboulina Imagined: Portraits of a Greek Heroine
Sharon E. J. Gerstel
Chapter 5. A Revolutionary Cinematic Heroine: Irene Papas in Bouboulina (1959)
Chapter 6. “You only wanted me for the kitchen. That’s why I revolted like Bouboulina”: Gendered Commemorations of Bouboulina in Greek Music
Part III: International Perspectives on Bouboulina and the Greek Revolution
Chapter 7. “The Hive of Villainy”: Ottoman Perspectives on Spetses During the Greek Revolution
Chapter 8. A Feminist Evaluation of Bouboulina’s Representation in German Literature of the Nineteenth Century
Chapter 9. “Whether I am equal to men, you will learn later”: Bouboulina, Emilia Plater, and Polish Philhellenic Poetry
Ewa Róża Janion
Chapter 10. Bouboulina and Italian Philhellenism
Part IV: Legacies
Chapter 11. Civil War and the Assassination of Bouboulina
Chapter 12. “Where Courage is Still Close”: The Reception of Laskarina Bouboulina in South America
Bouboulina and the Greek Revolution: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Heroine of 1821, is a groundbreaking collection of essays that recovers a woman’s life from erasure in the dominant discourses of the Greek Revolution of 1821. Bouboulina's story is so big that it occupies several languages, multiple archives, and diverse sources. Yet she is little known outside a narrow set of philhellenic and Greek national narratives. The essays in this book go beyond these conventional stories to illuminate overlooked gendered, transcultural, and transnational dimensions of the life and reception of Bouboulina and reevaluate her representation. In so doing, the book compellingly charts new directions for the study of the Greek Revolution, the Age of Revolutions and biography.
A novel and thoroughly overdue examination of a national myth. This collection restores context and political substance to the most widely celebrated and least understood protagonist in events that shaped the modern world.