Violence, Trauma, and Memory: Responses to War in the Late Medieval and Early Modern World brings together eight essays that examine medieval and early modern violence and warfare in France, the Hispanic World, and the Dutch Republic through the lens of trauma studies and memory studies. By focusing on warfare, these essays by historians, literary specialists, and historians of visual culture demonstrate how individuals and groups living with the “ungraspable” outcomes of wartime violence grappled with processing and remembering (both culturally and politically) the trauma of war.
Nicholas Ealy is professor of English and modern languages at the University of Hartford.
Alexandra Onuf is associate professor and chair of the art history department in the Hartford Art School at the University of Hartford.
List of Figures
Introduction, Alexandra Onuf and Nicholas Ealy
Section One: France
Chapter One: Memorializing the Battle of Crécy: Colins de Beaumont’s “On the Crécy Dead” as a Textual Monument for Processing Trauma, Kimberly Lifton
Chapter Two: “Je hé guerre, point ne la doit prisier”: Emotions, War, and Trauma in the Poetry of Charles of Orléans, Charles-Louis Morand-Métivier
Chapter Three: Bringing up the Dead: The Grotesque in Literature after the French Wars of Religion, Kathleen Long
Section Two: The Hispanic World
Chapter Four: Desire, Trauma, and Warfare in Fernando de Rojas’s Celestina, Nicholas Ealy
Chapter Five: Violence in the Making: Remembering the Viceroy’s Assassination during the Catalan Revolt of 1640, Ivan Gracia-Arnau
Chapter Six: Trauma and Postmemory in Martín Cortés’s Uprising, Covadonga Lamar Prieto
Section Three: The Dutch Republic
Chapter Seven: Hendrick Goltzius’s Lucretia and the Eighty Years’ War, Rachel Wise
Chapter Eight: Landscape and the Memory of Place in Claes Jansz. Visscher’s Prints of Brabant, Alexandra Onuf
About the Contributors
Violence, Trauma, and Memory: Responses to War in the Late Medieval and Early Modern World showcases the richness of the archive in premodern Continental and Colonial Europe for contemporary reflection about the forms, strategies, and effects of cultural memory in the wake of traumatic events. Its expertly researched and well-written essays span a range of representational genres and linguistic traditions, offering stimulating close readings that never lose sight of the larger questions that lend the volume both its coherence and its import.
This collection includes an impressive range of studies on the connections between military violence, emotions, memory, and trauma from the Hundred Years’ War to the Thirty Years’ War. The comparative way in which it is arranged allows for fruitful understandings within and between the regions of France, the Hispanic World, and the Dutch Republic, while also providing a wealth of interdisciplinary analysis of their respective literature, visual culture, and history. The greatest strength of this volume is its challenge to the old myth that late medieval and early modern Europe was so violent that warfare had become banal. Instead, they restore the human story to the history of warfare in this period, and they allow us to see how it continued to shape and reshape human communities well off the battlefield. This is a good introduction for those new to the field, while providing a tremendous amount of insight to more advanced scholars. As such, it is an important and significant contribution to current scholarship on late medieval and early modern society.