Representing the US government during the earliest era of the United Nations, Warren Austin, who served the Truman administration, and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., who was Eisenhower's ambassador, both attempted to navigate a delicate path in tumultuous time period marked by the beginning of the Cold War, the end of European imperialism, the McCarthyite scare in the United States, and the threat of atomic annihilation. Their success in doing so laid the groundwork for the victory of the West over the Soviet Union and ensure the United Nations would win crucial US support and avoid the fate of its predecessor, the League of Nations.
Sean Brennan is professor of history at the University of Scranton.
Chapter 1: Lodge, Austin, and their Relations with the White House
Chapter 2: Selling the United Nations to the American Public
Chapter 3: Atomic Energy and Arms Control
Chapter 4: The Thunder Breaks: Warren Austin and the Korean War
Chapter 5: The Chinese Question
Chapter 6: The Special Relationship between the US and UK at the United Nations
Chapter 7: The End of the European Empires
Chapter 8: Dueling with the Soviets
Chapter 9: The Sky Suspended: Henry Cabot Lodge, Hungary, and the Suez Crisis
Sean Brennanhas, with this book, contributed significantly to our knowledge of a key period in the history of the US relationship with, and actions in, the United Nations. Brennan examines the ambassadorial careers of Henry Cabot Lodge Jr and the lesser-known Warren Austin in a manner that will interest scholars of the UN and of the early Cold War.
“This is a valuable and engrossing look at high-level diplomacy in the early years of the UN, a period in which the new international organization confronted the challenges of decolonization, the Korean War, the Soviet invasion of Hungary, and the Suez Crisis. During that tumultuous time, Warren Austin and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., both prominent Republican internationalists, struggled to advance the mission of the UN while representing US interests. Sean Brennan’s insightful and carefully crafted study shows how Austin and Lodge, through skillful and dedicated service, overcame the skepticism of the US foreign policy establishment and the suspicions of the American public and convinced Americans that the UN was a crucial institution in international relations.”