Latin America is a region with high levels of recognition for Indigenous collective rights. Still, legal protections differ considerably among countries. Why do some countries in Latin America have a strong recognition of collective rights for Indigenous people while others do not? What are the factors that help enhance the presence of collective rights? The author argues that while Indigenous social movements are crucial to the protection of Indigenous rights, they are not enough. The recognition of these rights is influenced by organizational factors (such as coalitions between Indigenous peoples and non-Indigenous allies) as well as institutional conditions (including constitutional replacement and party systems). By employing qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) and case studies from Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru, this book explores the ways various elements combine to create conditions for a variety of collective rights.
Katherine Becerra Valdivia is assistant professor of law at Universidad Católica del Norte,
Chapter 1. Collective Rights And Indigenous Social Movements In Latin America
Chapter 2. Constructing The Theory: The New Role Of Indigenous Social Movements And Explaining Other Institutional Conditions For Increasing The Collective Rights Of Indigenous Peoples
Chapter 3. A Trade Off: More Organizations, And Less Institutional Stability For Strong Indigenous Collective Rights
Chapter 4. Colombia: Strong Organizations And Unstable Institutions: A Paradigmatic Case Of More Indigenous Collective Rights
Chapter 5. Peru: Diverse Condition Roles To Achieve A Strong Level Of Indigenous Collective Rights
Chapter 6. Chile: The Consequences Of Stability, A Case Of Weak Collective Rights
Indigenous Collective Rights in Latin America fills a gap in research. For a long time, the installation of Indigenous collective rights was associated with international pressure or influential Indigenous movements. Katherine Becerra Valdivia disentangles the complex relations behind strong collective rights, including alliances between the Indigenous movements and other actors, the system of political parties, and the constitutional background in Latin America. This is an important step to better understanding why some countries grant strong collective rights to national minorities and others do not, which is relevant globally.