Following Françoise d’Eaubonne’s creation of the term “ecofeminism” in 1974, scholars around the world have explored ways that the degradation of the environment and the subjugation of women are linked. In the nearly three decades since the publication of the classical work Ecofeminism by Maria Mies and Vandana Shiva in 1993, several collections have appeared that apply ecofeminism to literary criticism, also known as feminist ecocriticism. The most recent of these include anthologies that emphasize international perspectives, furthering the comparative task launched by Mies and Shiva. To date, however, there have been no books devoted to gaining a broad-based understanding of feminist ecocriticism in India, understood in its own terms. Our new volume Indian Feminist Ecocriticism offers a survey of literature as seen through an ecofeminist lens by Indian scholars, which places contemporary literary analysis through a sampling of its diverse languages and in the context of millennia-old mythic traditions of India.
Douglas A. Vakoch is president of METI, dedicated to Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence and sustaining civilization on multigenerational timescales. As director of Green Psychotherapy, PC, he helps alleviate environmental distress through ecotherapy.
Nicole Anae is senior lecturer in literary and cultural studies at Central Queensland University, Australia, where she also holds the position as head of course for the Master of Creative Writing degree.
Nicole Anae and Douglas A. Vakoch
Part 1. Ecofeminist Literature across India
Chapter 1. Reading Ecofeminist Approaches: Postcolonial Women’s Writing in Hindi Literature
Chapter 2. Ecofeminist Consciousness in Select Folktales of the Dungri Garasiya Bhils
Chapter 3. Spiritual Ecology: An Ecofeminist Study of the Jhumur Songs of Tribal Bengal
Part 2. North East Indian Perspectives
Chapter 4. Ecofeminism in Assamese Literature
Chapter 5. Violence in the Literature of North East India: An Ecofeminist Perspective
Shibani Phukan and Triveni Goswami Vernal
Chapter 6. Indigenous Ecofeminism and Contemporary North East Indian Literature: Lessons in Eco-Swaraj
Chapter 7. Ecofeminism and Bodo Folktales and Folksongs
Esther Daimari and Ivy Daimary
Chapter 8. Women and Natural Resource Management in Naga Folktales and Peoplestories: Situating Easterine Kire’s Fiction
Part 3. South Indian Perspectives
Chapter 9. Tinai and Representations of Nature and Women in Tamil Cankam Literature
N Depak Saravanan and A. Edwin Jeevaraj
Chapter 10. Ecofeminism and Its Impasses: Women Writing Nature in Malayalam Literature
Chapter 11. Postcolonial Women’s Writing in Malayalam Literature and Ecofeminism
Anupama Nayar CV
Chapter 12. Magic, Environment, and Malayalam Literature: Narrating the Slow Death of Aathi and Kasargod
Rahul V and Nagendra Kumar
Part 4. Intersectionality, Queerness, and Surveillance
Chapter 13. The Intersectional Spectrum and the Critical Legacy of the Novelists of the Indian Green
Ananya Chatterjee and Debajyoti Sarkar
Chapter 14. Conceptualizing a Queer Ecopoetics: The Politics of Intersectionality in the Postcolonial Era
Meghna Prabir and Shreyashi Sarkar
Chapter 15. Ecofeminism in Two Indian Dystopian Novels
Jayjit Sarkar and Anik Sarkar
About the Contributors
"Indian Feminist Ecocriticism, a significant contribution to the domain of environmental humanities, is a mosaic of pan-Indian narratives such as poetry, prose, fables, folktales, and bucolic oral tradition. It intersects the nexus of caste-class, socio-culture, socio-economic, and trans/gender across a wide time span. The book uniquely explores ethnographically reductive representation, indigenous cultural identities, autochthone identity, and anthropomorphized women which paves the way to environmental citizenship. Moreover, it engages Samkhya philosophy, Prakriti, and Purusha, an interplay between man and nature. This book is an opportunity to delve into the patterns of Indian ecological narratives through a histography of Indigenous and philosophical perspectives."
"Indian Feminist Ecocriticism, edited by Douglas Vakoch and Nicole Anae, is a compelling volume which brings together ecoscholars from the Global South. While there have been diverse works in the area of feminist ecocriticism, this volume, devoted to the Indian subcontinent, knits together distinct voices from the Indigenous cultures, texts in translation, folktales, tinai poetics, and queer poetics—voices which have hitherto been in the fringes of the theoretical and global literary scenario. By focusing on the local and regional, this book casts the spotlight on issues and histories of the Indian women and their cultural representations which, though peculiar to India, are connected to the broad network of ecofeminism(s) across the world."