An in-depth look at what microplastics are, how prevalent they are, and what can be done about them for a professional and academic audience.
The first part of the book provides an overview of plastics types, how they are released to the environment, and how they interact with organisms. This part also provides a background for several salient aspects of microplastics hazards (e.g., attachment of toxic chemicals, toxicity to organisms). Special attention will be paid to how microplastics decompose in the environment (which is significant in terms of mobility of toxicity). Subsequent chapters address how to sample and identify microplastics. The second part of the book examines technologies for removal of microplastics from water, wastewater and from soil. Biological, chemical and physical technologies are presented. Theory of operation, practical considerations, and possible environmental impacts of their use are discussed.
Key aspects include:
* technologies available for removal of microplastics from wastewater and surface water;
* how various toxins which are sorbed to microplastics adversely affect wastewater treatment processes;
* technologies at the pilot- and field stage for removal of microplastics from sediment;
* industrial practices for preventing microplastic losses from manufacturing facilities; and
* the distribution of microplastics in the atmosphere.
Written by John Pichtel, author of the acclaimed Fundamentals of Site Remediation, and Mathew Simpson.
John Pichtel is a professor of Environment, Geology and Natural Resources at Ball State University in Muncie, IN, where he has been on the faculty since 1987. He received the PhD degree in Environmental Science at Ohio State University, the MS degree in Soil Chemistry/ Agronomy at Ohio State, and the BS degree in Natural Resources Management at Rutgers University. Dr. Pichtel’s primary research and professional activities have been in remediation of contaminated sites, management of hazardous materials, and environmental chemistry. Dr Pichtel teaches courses in environmental site assessment, site remediation, emergency response to hazmat incidents, and management of solid and hazardous wastes.
Dr. Pichtel is a Certified Hazardous Materials Manager. He holds memberships in the Institute of Hazardous Materials Managers, Sigma Xi Scientific Society, International Association of Arson Investigators, and the Indiana Academy of Science. He was selected as a Fulbright Scholar in 1999 and again in 2005. Dr. Pichtel has written two books addressing waste management and cleanup of contaminated sites, and one book on response to weapons of mass destruction. He has been the author or coauthor of approximately 70 research articles. He has served as a consultant in hazardous waste management projects and has conducted environmental assessments and remediation research in the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Finland, Italy, and Poland.
Mathew Simpson is a PhD candidate in Environment, Geology and Natural Resources at Ball State University. He received the BS degree in Geology at Ball State University. Mr. Simpson’s PhD research focuses on the characterization and ecotoxicology of microplastics in freshwater ecosystems. He has conducted research on the presence of microplastics in high alpine aquatic environments in Nepal. Mr. Simpson has experience in water quality studies developing water, sanitation, and hygiene programs; and phase 1 and 2 environmental site assessments. He is certified in Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response. Mr. Simpson is an active member of the Geological Society of America, American Geophysical Union, and the National Science Policy Network.