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Business Statistics of the United States 2016

Patterns of Economic Change, 21st Edition

Edited by Susan Ockert

Hardback
eBook
Business Statistics of the United States is a comprehensive and practical collection of data from as early as 1890 that reflects the nation's economic performance. It provides over 80 years of annual, quarterly, and monthly data in industrial and demographic detail including key indicators such as: gross domestic product, personal income, spending, saving, employment, unemployment, the capital stock, and more. Business Statistics of the United States is the best place to find historical perspectives on the U.S. economy.

Of equal importance to the data are the introductory highlights, extensive notes, and figures for each chapter that help users to understand the data, use them appropriately, and, if desired, seek additional information from the sources agencies.

Business Statistics of the United States provides a rich and deep picture of the American economy and contains approximately 3,500 time series in all. The data are predominately from federal government sources including:

  • Board of Governors of The Federal Reserve System
  • Bureau of Economic Analysis
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • Census Bureau
  • Employment and Training Administration
  • Energy Information Administration
  • Federal Housing Finance Agency
  • U.S. Department of the Treasury

What’s New in the 21st Edition:

  • An original article titled “The Great Recession 2007–2009 and Recovery 2010–2015” detailing the economic impact of the longest recession since World War II
  • A new section in Chapter 3 on health insurance coverage in the United States
  • New tables in Chapter 13 on international comparisons as well as new figures on topics relating to health care and gross domestic product (GDP)

« less more »
Bernan Press
Pages: 562Size: 8 1/2 x 11 1/4
978-1-59888-878-2 • Hardback • December 2016 • $175.00 • (£115.00)
978-1-59888-879-9 • eBook • December 2016 • $174.99 • (£115.00)
Susan Ockert has worked as an economist in the military, for the federal government, and at regional and state levels. She currently teaches economics at the collegiate level.

Mary Meghan Ryan is a Senior Research Editor with Bernan Press.

CONTENTS
PrefaceArticle—“Cycle and Growth Perspectives”

Article—“The U.S. Economy 1929-1948”
Figure A-2: Employment, 1929-1948
Figure A-3: Unemployment Rates, 1929-1948
Figure A-4: Per Capita Real Output and Consumption, 1929-1948
Figure A-5: Inflation and Nominal and Real Interest Rates, 1929-1948
Figure A-6: Money and Credit Growth, 1930-1948

Article—“The Great Recession 2007–2009 and Recovery 2010–2015”

General Notes

PART A: THE U.S. ECONOMY

CHAPTER 1: NATIONAL INCOME AND PRODUCT
Section 1a: Gross Domestic Product: Values, Quantities, and Prices
Figure 1-1: Output Per Capita
Tables
1-1A: Gross Domestic Product: Recent Data
1-1B: Gross Domestic Product: Historical
1-2A: Real Gross Domestic Product: Recent Data
1-2B: Real Gross Domestic Product: Historical
1-3A: U.S. Population and Per Capita Product and Income: Recent Data
1-3B: U.S. Population and Per Capita Product and Income: Historical
1-4A: Contributions to Percent Change in Real Gross Domestic Product: Recent Data
1-4B: Contributions to Percent Change in Real Gross Domestic Product: Historical
1-5A: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Gross Domestic Product and Domestic Purchases: Recent Data
1-5B: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Gross Domestic Product and Domestic Purchases: Historical
1-6A: Chain-Type Price Indexes for Gross Domestic Product and Domestic Purchases: Recent Data
1-6B: Chain-Type Price Indexes for Gross Domestic Product and Domestic Purchases: Historical
1-7: Final Sales
Figure 1-2: Private Nonfarm Inventory-Sales Ratios
1-8A: Inventory Change and Inventory-Sales Ratios: Recent Data
1-8B: Inventory Change and Inventory-Sales Ratios: Historical
Figure 1-3: Shares of Aggregate Final Demand
1-9: Shares of Aggregate Supply
1-10: Shares of Aggregate Final Demand

Section 1b: Income and Value AddedFigure 1-4: Shares of Income

Tables1-11: Relation of Gross Domestic Product, Gross and Net National Product, National Income, and Personal Income
1-12: Gross Domestic Income by Type of Income
1-13A: National Income by Type of Income: Recent Data
1-13B: National Income by Type of Income: Historical
1-14: Gross and Net Value Added of Domestic Corporate Business
1-15: Gross Value Added of Nonfinancial Domestic Corporate Business in Current and Chained Dollars
1-16: Shares of Income
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 2: INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CAPACITY UTILIZATION
Figure 2-1: Capacity Utilization: Total Manufacturing and High-Tech Industries
Tables
2-1: Industrial Production Indexes by Market Groups
2-2: Industrial Production Indexes by NAICS Industry Groups
2-3: Capacity Utilization by NAICS Industry Groups
2-4A: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization: Historical Data, 1947–2008
2-4B: Industrial Production: Historical Data, 1919–1947
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 3: INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND POVERTY
Section 3a: Household and Family Income
Figure 3-1: Median and Mean Household Income
Tables
3-1: Median and Mean Household Income and Median Earnings
3-2: Median Family income by Type of Family
3-3: Shares of Aggregate Income Received by Each Fifth and Top 5 Percent of Households
3-4: Shares of Aggregate Income Received by Each Fifth and Top 5 Percent of Families
Section 3b: Poverty
Figure 3-2: Poverty Rates: Total, Children, and Seniors

Tables3-5: Weighted Average Poverty Thresholds by Family Size
3-6: Poverty Status of People by Race and Hispanic Origin
3-7: Poverty Status of Families by Type of Family
3-8: Poverty Status of People by Sex and Age
3-9: Working-Age Poor People by Work Experience

Section 3c: Alternative Measures of Income and PovertyFigure 3-3: Poverty Rates, Official, Experimental, and SPM
Tables
3-10: Median Income and Poverty Rates by Race and Hispanic Origin Using 3-Year Moving Averages
3-11: Number and Percent of People in Poverty Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure 2011–2014, and Comparison With Official Measures in
3-12: Official and Experimental Poverty Rates and Supplemental Poverty Measure

Section 3d: Health Insurance CoverageFigure 3-4: Percent of People without Health Insurance, 1987–2014
3-13: Health Insurance Coverage
3-14: Number of People by Type of Health Insurance by Selected Demographics, 2013 and 2014
3-14B: Number of People by Type of Health Insurance by Selected Demographics
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 4: CONSUMER INCOME AND SPENDING
Figure 4-1: Personal Saving Rate
Tables
4-1A: Personal Income and Its Disposition: Recent Data
4-1B: Personal Income and Its Disposition: Historical
4-2: Personal Consumption Expenditures by Major Type of Product
4-3: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Personal Consumption Expenditures by Major Type of Product
4-4: Chain-Type Price Indexes for Personal Consumption Expenditures by Major Type of Product
Figure 4-2: Personal Consumption Expenditures by Type of Expenditure
4-5: Household Consumption Expenditures by Function

CHAPTER 5: SAVING AND INVESTMENT
Figure 5-1: National Saving, Investment, and Borrowing
Tables
5-1A: Saving and Investment: Recent Data
5-1B: Saving and Investment: Historical
5-2: Gross Private Fixed Investment by Type
5-3: Real Gross Private Fixed Investment by Type
Figure 5-2: Real Private Fixed Investment by Major Type
5-4: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Private Fixed Investment by Type
5-5A: Current-Cost Net Stock of Fixed Assets: Recent Data
5-5B: Current-Cost Net Stock of Fixed Assets: Historical
5-6A: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Net Stock of Fixed Assets: Recent Data
5-6B: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Net Stock of Fixed Assets: Historical
5-7: Capital Expenditures
5-8: Capital Expenditures for Structures and Equipment for Companies with Employees by Major Industry Sector
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 6: GOVERNMENT
Section 6a: Federal Government in the National Income and Product Accounts
Figure 6-1: Federal Government Saving and Dis-saving
Tables
6-1: Federal Government Current Receipts and Expenditures
6-2: Federal Government Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment
6-3: Federal Government Defense and Nondefense Consumption Expenditures by Type
6-4: National Defense Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment: Selected Detail
6-5: Federal Government Output, Lending and Borrowing, and Net Investment
6-6: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Federal Government Defense and Nondefense Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment
6-7: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for National Defense Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment: Selected Detail
Section 6b: State and Local Government in the National Income and Product Accounts
Figure 6-2: State and Local Government Current Receipts and Expenditures
Tables
6-8: State and Local Government Current Receipts and Expenditures
6-9: State and Local Government Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment
6-10: State and Local Government Output, Lending and Borrowing, and Net Investment
6-11: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for State and Local Government Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment
6-12: State Government Current Receipts and Expenditures
6-13: Local Government Current Receipts and Expenditures

Section 6c: Federal Government Budget Accounts

Figure 6-3: Federal Debt as a Percent of GDP

Tables6-14A: Federal Government Receipts and Outlays by Fiscal Year
6-14B: The Federal Budget and GDP
6-15: Federal Government Debt by Fiscal Year

Section 6d: Government Output and Employment

Figure 6-4: Government Employment

Tables6-16: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Government Output
6-17: Government Employment
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 7: U.S. FOREIGN TRADE AND FINANCE
Section 7a: Foreign Transactions in the National Income and Product Accounts
Figure 7-1: Receipts, Payments, and Balance on Current Account
Tables
7-1: Foreign Transactions in the National Income and Product Accounts
7-2: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Exports and Imports of Goods and Services
7-3: Chain-Type Price Indexes for Exports and Imports of Goods and Services
7-4: Exports and Imports of Selected NIPA Types of Product
7-5: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Exports and Imports of Selected NIPA Types of Product

Section 7b: U.S. International Transactions AccountsFigure 7-2: Balance on Current Account and Financial Inflows and Outflows
Tables
7-6A: U.S. International Transactions: Recent Data
7-6B: U.S. International Transactions: Historical Quarterly
7-7: Foreigners’ Transactions in Long-Term Securities with U.S. Residents
7-8: International Investment Position of the United States

Section 7c: Exports and ImportsFigure 7-3: Foreign Trade Balances on Goods and Services
Tables
7-9: U.S. Exports and Imports of Goods and Services
7-10: U.S. Exports of Goods by End-Use and Advanced Technology Categories
7-11: U.S. Imports of Goods by End-Use and Advanced Technology Categories
7-12: U.S. Exports and Imports of Goods by Principal End-Use Category in Constant Dollars
7-13: U.S. Exports of Goods by Selected Regions and Countries
7-14: U.S. Imports of Goods by Selected Regions and Countries
7-15A: U.S. Exports of Services: Recent Data
7-15B: U.S. Exports of Services: Historical
7-16A: U.S. Imports of Services: Recent Data
7-16B: U.S. Imports of Services: Historical
7-17: U.S. Export and Import Price Indexes by End-Use Category
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 8: PRICES
Figure 8-1: Inflation Indicators
Tables
8-1A: Summary Consumer and Producer Price Indexes: Recent Data
8-1B: Summary Consumer and Producer Price Indexes: Historical, 1947 to Date
8-1C: Consumer and Producer Price Indexes: Historical, 1913–1949
Figure 8-2: Consumer Prices: All Items, Medical Care, and Apparel
8-2: Consumer Price Indexes and Purchasing Power of the Dollar
8-3: Alternative Measures of Total and Core Consumer Prices: Index Levels
8-4: Alternative Measures of Total and Core Consumer Prices: Inflation Rates
8-5: Producer Price Indexes for Goods and Services: Final Demand
8-6: Producer Price Indexes for Goods and Services: Intermediate Demand
8-7: Producer Price Indexes for Goods by Major Commodity Groups

Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 9: EMPLOYMENT COSTS, PRODUCTIVITY, AND PROFITS
Section 9a: Employment Cost Indexes
Figure 9-1: Changes in Wages and Salaries and in Benefit Costs, Private Nonfarm Industry
Tables
9-1: Employment Cost Indexes, NAICS Basis
9-2: Employment Cost Indexes, SIC Basis

Section 9b: Productivity and Related DataFigure 9-2: Change in Labor Productivity, Nonfarm Business
Table
9-3A: Productivity and Related Data: Recent Data
9-3B: Productivity and Related Data: Historical

Section 9c: Returns and Profits by IndustryFigure 9-3: Rates of Return, Nonfinancial Industry Groups
Tables
9-4: Corporate Profits with Inventory Valuation Adjustment by Industry Group
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 10: EMPLOYMENT, HOURS, AND EARNINGS
Section 10a: Labor Force, Employment, and Unemployment from the Current Population Survey
Figure 10-1: Labor Force Participation Rate and Employment/Population Ratio
Tables
10-1A: Summary Labor Force, Employment, and Unemployment: Recent Data
10-1B: Unemployment Rate Estimates, 1890–1929
10-1C: Summary Labor Force, Employment, and Unemployment: Historical
10-2: Labor Force and Employment by Major Age and Sex Groups
10-3: Employment by Type of Job
Figure 10-2: Unemployment Rate
10-4: Unemployment by Demographic Group
10-5: Unemployment Rates and Related Data
10-6: Labor Force and Employment Estimates Smoothed for Population Adjustments
10-7: Insured Unemployment

Section 10b: Payroll Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Current Employment Statistics Survey

Figure 10-3: Total Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Tables10-8A: Nonfarm Payroll Employment by NAICS Supersector: Recent Data
10-8B: Nonfarm Payroll Employment by NAICS Supersector: Historical Annual
10-9: Employment, Hours, and Earnings, Total Nonfarm and Manufacturing, Historical Annual and Monthly
Figure 10-4: Average Weekly Hours of All Employees, Monthly
10-10: Average Weekly Hours of All Employees on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
10-11: Indexes of Aggregate Weekly Hours of All Employees on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
10-12: Average Hourly Earnings of All Employees on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
10-13: Average Weekly Earnings of All Employees on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
10-14: Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
10-15: Average Weekly Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
10-16: Indexes of Aggregate Weekly Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
10-17: Average Hourly Earnings of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
10-18: Average Weekly Earnings of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by NAICS Supersector
Section 10c: Other Significant Labor Market Data
Figure 10-5: Average Hours Worked, Per Employed Person and Per Job
10-19: Hours at Work, Current Population Survey

Figure 10-6: Real Median Weekly Earnings10-20: Median Usual Weekly Earnings of Full-Time Wage and Salary Workers
10-21: Employment by SIC Industry, Historical Annual
Notes and Definitions


CHAPTER 11: ENERGY
Figure 11-1: Energy Consumption and PricesTables11-1: Energy Supply and Consumption
11-2: Energy Consumption per Dollar of Real Gross Domestic Product
11-3: Petroleum and Petroleum Products—Prices, Imports, Domestic Production, and Stocks
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 12: MONEY, INTEREST, ASSETS, LIABILITIES, AND ASSET PRICES
Figure 12-1: Federal Funds Rate and 10-Year Treasury Securities Rate
Tables
12-1A: Money Stock Measures and Components of M1: Recent Data
12-1B: Money Stock: Historical, 1929-1946
12-1C: Money Stock: Historical, January 1947-January 1959
12-1D: Money Stock, Reserves, and Monetary Base: Historical, from January 1959
12-2: Components of Non-M1 M2
12-3: Aggregate Reserves, Monetary Base, and FR Balance Sheet
12-4A: Commercial Banks: Bank Credit and Selected Liabilities: Recent Data
12-4B: Bank Credit and Other Credit Instruments: Historical
Figure 12-2: Ratios of Household Debt Service and Financial Obligations to Disposable Personal Income
12-5: Household Assets, Liabilities, Net Worth, Financial Obligations, and Delinquency Rates
12-6: Mortgage Debt Outstanding
12-7: Consumer Credit
12-8: Summary Interest Rates, Bond Yields, and Stock Prices: Recent Data
12-9A: Summary Interest Rates, Bond Yields, and Stock Prices: Historical
12-9B: Selected Interest Rates

Figure 12-3: S&P Stock Price Index and FHFA House Price Index12-10: Selected Stock and Housing Market Data
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 13: INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
Figure 13-1: Real GDP Per Capita, United States and 3 Other Countries
Tables
13-1: International Comparisons: Growth Rates in Real Gross Domestic Product
13-2: International Comparisons: Real GDP Per Capita
13-3: International Comparisons: Real GDP Per Employed Person
13-4A: International Comparisons: Consumer Price Indexes
13-4B: International Comparisons: Harmonized Indexes of Consumer Prices
13-5: International Comparisons: Civilian Working Age Population
13-6: International Comparisons: Civilian Employment-Population Ratios
13-7: International Comparisons: Civilian Unemployment Rates
Figure 13-2: International Value of the U.S. Dollar
13-8: Foreign Exchange Rates
Notes and Definitions

PART B: INDUSTRY PROFILES

CHAPTER 14: PRODUCT AND INCOME BY INDUSTRY
Figure 14-1: Growth Rates, Industry Groups and Selected Industries
Tables
14-1A: Gross Domestic Product (Value Added) by Industry, New Series
14-1B: Gross Domestic Product (Value Added) by Industry, Old Series
14-2A: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Value Added by Industry, New Series
14-2B: Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Value Added by Industry, Old Series
14-3: Gross Domestic Factor Income by Industry
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 15: EMPLOYMENT, HOURS, AND EARNINGS BY INDUSTRY Figure 15-1: Net New Nonfarm Payroll Jobs by Major Industry Group
Tables
15-1: Nonfarm Employment by Sector and Industry
15-2: Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by Industry
15-3: Average Weekly Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by Industry
15-4: Average Hourly Earnings of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by Industry
15-5: Average Weekly Earnings of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by Industry
15-6: Indexes of Aggregate Weekly Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers on Private Nonfarm Payrolls by Industry
Notes and Definitions

CHAPTER 16: KEY SECTOR STATISTICS Figure 16-1: Housing Starts
Tables
16-1: New Construction Put in Place
16-2: Housing Starts and Building Permits; New House Sales and Prices
16-3: Manufacturers’ Shipments
16-4: Manufacturers’ Inventories
16-5: Manufacturers’ New Orders
16-6: Manufacturers’ Unfilled Orders, Durable Goods Industries
16-7: Motor Vehicle Sales and Inventories
16-8: Retail and Food Services Sales
16-9: Quarterly Retail Sales: Total and E-Commerce
16-10: Retail Inventories
16-11: Merchant Wholesalers—Sales and Inventories
16-12: Manufacturing and Trade Sales and Inventories
16-13: Real Manufacturing and Trade Sales and Inventories
16-14: Selected Services—Quarterly Estimated Revenue for Employer Firms
Notes and Definitions

INDEX

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