Each of the twelve chapters in Youth, Crime, and Justice begins with a compelling case that illustrates the core concepts and real-life stories which frame the ongoing challenges of the societal institutions charged with meeting the needs of children and youth. These case studies are combined with a list of learning objectives, key terms, critical thinking questions, and lists of additional resources. New to this edition:
An open-access Companion Website for students is provided that includes interactive flashcards and other learning material. Additional resources, including Powerpoint Lecture notes and Test Banks, are provided for Instructor use.
Erika Gebo is professor of sociology and criminal justice at Suffolk University. She is a co-editor of the book, Looking Beyond Suppression: Community Responses to Gang Violence.
Carolyn Boyes-Watson is professor of sociology and criminal justice and the director for the Center for Restorative Justice at Suffolk University. She is the author of Crime and Justice: Learning through Cases and co-author of Circle Forward: Building a Restorative School Community.
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF YOUTH, CRIME, AND JUSTICE
Chapter 1: Youth, Society, and the Law
Case Study 1: Judging Gina
Juvenile Justice System Core Challenges
Socio-Ecology: Age in a Life Context
Social and Legal Constructions
Positive Youth Development Lens
Chapter Questions & Discussions
Check it Out
Chapter 2: Youth and Developmental Institutions
Case Study 2: Saving or Exploiting Children?
Decline of Family-Based Systems of Social Control
Emergence of Childhood
Industrialization, Urbanization, & Immigration
Emergence & Regulation of Adolescence
Institution Building Era
Controlling Adolescent Girls
Parens Patriae Legal Doctrine
Origins of Child Welfare
Juvenile Court Creation
Comparing Rhetoric with Reality
Chapter 3: Paradigms of Youth Justice
Case Study 3: A Tragedy or a Crime?
Juvenile Justice Cycles or Shifts?
The Classical Juvenile Justice Paradigm
The Juvenile Rights Paradigm
The “Get Tough” Paradigm
The Positive Youth Development & Community Restorative Justice Paradigm
PART II: PATHWAYS TO CRIME FOR MALES AND FEMALES
Chapter 4: Measurement & Correlates of Youth Crime and Violence
Case Study 4: Not Just Another Statistic: The Hope of Tribal Justice for Indigenous Youth
A Snapshot of Juvenile Crime
Adverse Childhood Experiences
Correlates of Violence
Chapter 5: Delinquency, Victimization, and Pathways to Offending for Boys
Case Study 5: Learning the Code
Theories of Delinquency
Chapter 6: Delinquency, Victimization, and Pathways to Offending for Girls
Case Study 6: Addicted to Love: Growing up on the Track
Female Delinquency Recap
Feminist Perspectives on Gender & Justice
Female Pathways to Delinquency
Risk & Protective Factor Framework
Chapter 7: Gangs & Serious, Violent, Chronic Offenders
Case Study 7: Confessions of a Former Latin King
Serious, Violent, and Chronic Offenders
Promising Innovations Addressing Gangs & SVC Offenders
Chapter 8: Youth, Schools, & Problem Behaviors
Case Study 8: Mobilizing for Change: Youth Respond to School Gun Violence Introduction
Education and Inequality
Discipline & the School to Prison Pipeline
School Programs for Positive Change
PART III: THE CONTEMPORARY JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
Chapter 9: Youth and Police
Case Study 9: Victor Rios Changing What Police See
History of Policing Youth in America
Juvenile Justice System Case Flow
Police Role in Juvenile Justice
Gender and Police Treatment
Police and Civil Rights
Changing Role of Police
Chapter 10: Youth and the Courts
Case Study 10: Judging Our Youth
Juvenile Court Evolution
Juvenile Court Stages
Key Court Personnel
Court Practices & Effectiveness
Significant Juvenile Justice Cases
From Juvenile to Adult Court
Future of Juvenile Court
Chapter 11: Youth and Corrections
Case Study 11: From Punishment to Rehabilitation
Intervening With Youth
Key Issues in Residential Placement
Chapter 12: Prevention, Intervention, and the Future of Youth Justice
Case Study 12: A Matter of Degrees
Three Levels of Prevention
Comprehensive Community Initiatives
What Does Not Work
The Future of Youth & Juvenile Justice
About the Authors
Youth, Crime, and Justice is an exceptionally engaging text that is logically organized, clearly written, and comprehensive. Its interdisciplinary and intersectional approach effectively links current research to both historical context and future policy options. Its rich case-studies are skillfully integrated into its coverage of key concepts and findings, providing an excellent foundation for student learning and class discussion.
Youth, Crime, and Justice is an incredible resource for engaging students on every aspect of youth crime and the juvenile justice system. The cases engage students right away and immerse them into reflecting on why youth commit crime and what our society should do about it. Gebo and Boyes-Watson also give students hope by providing information on what works in the juvenile system to build a foundation for moving forward.
I can’t emphasize enough how much I enjoy using this book when I teach Juvenile Delinquency. I prefer this textbook over all others because I find every aspect of the authors’ approach ideal for my class structure and objectives. I especially like the accessibility, readability, and lower cost. As a sociology professor, intersectionality is essential for any discussion of juvenile delinquency and this is the only textbook on youth crime and justice I’ve found where intersectionality is an organizing feature. The case studies included at the beginning of each chapter provide a catalyst for discussion and allow students to connect concepts and policies to real people. My students absolutely love this textbook. I have only heard positive things from students about this book – they also prefer this textbook over others which cost too much and present so much information that overwhelms and distracts them from the big picture. I highly recommend this textbook to others teaching similar courses.
•Utilizes the pedagogical power of compelling narrative to frame the complex dynamics of the lives of diverse youth within families, communities, schools, child welfare, and juvenile justice systems
•Examines juvenile crime and justice from an intersectional and life course perspective
•Provides a youth development focus, examining not just shortcomings, but successes and promising practices
•Comprehensively covers current, relevant, and important research in youth, crime, and justice
New to this edition:
•Highlighted significant changes that have occurred in the last several years in juvenile justice across states in the U.S. These include continuing to increase the age of criminal responsibility as well as serious consideration to a new category of “emerging adulthood” to age 21 that would reduce criminal capability
•Emphasized recent scholarship on the consistent finding of the victim-offender overlap, and a landslide of new research on the impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences on delinquent outcomes. These findings impact how violence and delinquency prevention should be addressed as well as how multi-system (juvenile justice and child welfare system) youth are treated.
•Expanded discussions of research on how technology use by youth influences delinquency and victimization.
•Expanded discussion of youth-police relations in the wake of police shootings of unarmed youth, particularly youth of color and the Black Lives Matter Movement.
•Addressed what we know about undocumented youth and immigrant youth who are brought to the attention of the juvenile justice system as well as an expanded discussion of LBTQI youth.
•Changed the case study for several chapters to focus on currency, importance, and critical issues.
•Updated all statistical tables.