China is conducting an unprecedented campaign below the threshold of armed conflict to expand the influence of the Chinese Communist Party and weaken the United States and its partners. The scale of China’s actions in the United States is unparalleled. This CSIS report offers one of the most comprehensive analyses to date of Chinese political warfare activities and examines China’s main actions, primary goals, and options for the United States and its partners.
Seth G. Jones is senior vice president, Harold Brown Chair, and director of the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Emily Harding is deputy director and senior fellow with the International Security Program at CSIS. Catrina Doxsee is an associate director and associate fellow for the Transnational Threats Project at CSIS. Jake Harrington was the intelligence fellow in the International Security Program at CSIS. Riley McCabe is a program coordinator and research assistant for the Transnational Threats Project at CSIS.
2. The Strategic Logic of Chinese Political Warfare
3. Intelligence Operations
4. Cyber Operations
5. Information and Disinformation Operations
6. The United Front
7. Irregular Military Actions
8. Economic Coercion
9. Countering China
About the Authors