This text provides a thorough overview of how states pursue security against violence, and how this pursuit paradoxically creates greater insecurity at the national, international, and individual levels. The traditional insistence that states are the primary and most important actors makes security, ultimately, elusive. This argument provides a compelling framework for students to understand the breadth and nuance of security at each level.
Case studies throughout the text bring life to the concepts. This fully revised third edition includes discussion of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, China and the Uyghurs, the Covid-19 pandemic, the January 6th Capitol insurrection, Trump’s attempt to overturn the 2020 election; Mexico’s use of its military in internal security, the coup in Myanmar, Orbán’s Hungary, China and Taiwan, India and Pakistan, US-China competition, China’s Belt and Road Initiative, Russia’s Wagner Group, North Korea’s missile testing, refugees in Poland, and numerous other examples, large and small.
The third edition features:
Laura Neack is a professor in the department of political science at Miami University in Oxford, OH. She has served as the editor-in-chief of International Studies Perspectives and president of the Foreign Policy Analysis section of the International Studies Association. Her recent books include Studying Foreign Policy Comparatively: Cases and Analyses, Fourth Edition; The New Foreign Policy: Complex Interactions, Competing Interests, Third Edition; and Global Society in Transition.
Chapter 1. The Elusive Nature of Security
A First Case: China and the Uyghurs
Elusive Security: States First, People Last
What Does It Mean To Be Secure?
A Second Case: Australia and the Afghan Boat People
States First, International Obligations Second
National, International, and Human Security
Chapter 2. National Security
What is Security?
National Security: States, Not Nations
The Sovereign State
What Sovereignty Allows
Limits on Internal and External Security Practices
Chapter 3. Internal Security
Defining Internal Security
Who is the State?
What is the Purpose of the State?
All States Tend Toward Maximalism When Threatened
Signs of Trouble
Chapter 4. The Unilateral Pursuit of External Security
The Security Dilemma
Defense and Deterrence
Gray Zone and Hybrid Conflict
Chapter 5. International Security
International Security and Order
The Liberal International Security System
The Great Power Balance-of-Power International Security System
Competing Orders: The United States versus China
Chapter 6. Bilateral and Multilateral Security Arrangements
Security Arrangements Within the UN Security System
Liberal Security Arrangements
Imposed Security Arrangements
Transactional Security Arrangements
Chapter 7. The United Nations International Security System
Protecting International Peace and Security
The Security Council and Measures Short of Force
The Security Council and Collective Security Actions
General Assembly Emergency Meetings
United Nations Peacekeeping
UN-Approved Peace Enforcement Operations
UN-Regional Organization Hybrid Peace Operations
Chapter 8. Human Security
Defining Human Security
The Geneva Conventions
The Post-Cold War Human Security Agenda
Protecting People from Large-Scale Killing
The Future of Human Security
Chapter 9. Conclusion: Democracy, Resilience, and Imagination
About the Author
Laura Neack masterfully weaves case studies to explain her provocative and disquieting thesis that states’ security-seeking practices often lead to greater national, international, and human insecurity. The new edition discusses security arrangements between states which lead to both liberal democratic zones where individuals are protected and authoritarian zones where international and human security remain secondary to regime security.
Introducing this new edition, Laura Neack notes her worry about ‘the ethics of producing a book that might make students cynical and dispirited about security matters.’ The author need not worry. The third edition of National, International, and Human Security is an engaging and practical study that does not shy away from examining otherwise-dispiriting instances of insecurity and even brutality. Incorporating extensive new and updated examples and arguments throughout, Neack provides students and their professors with a valuable framework to think about the sources and causes of the multiple and multi-layered crises we face today, and the resources—including the vision and imagination—needed to meet them and to ‘work ourselves out of the ever-failing states-first security system.’ It is a much-needed contribution and recommended reading.
A rare textbook that brings together the insights of a wide range of security theorizing with contemporary events and debates including (but not limited to) the refugee crisis, global terror, the responsibility to protect, and the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Laura Neack’s third edition provides a critical, timely, and highly relevant appraisal of our world’s rapidly evolving security environment, placing human security issues at the center of analysis and discussion. Rich with some of the most important historical case studies of the past thirty years as well as up-to-date pivotal events including the COVID-19 pandemic, Jan 6 attack on the Capitol, and Russian invasion of Ukraine, this is a compelling, thought provoking, and impactful read for scholars, students, and practitioners of national and international security.
Engaging, critical, and comprehensive, the third edition of Laura Neack's book on national, international, and human security is essential introductory reading. It combines conceptual clarity with illustrative case-studies, provides readers with an in-depth analysis of how to think about security, and makes a compelling case for putting human security first in our times of multiple crises.