This book examines the twin phenomena of radicalization and de-radicalization in a global context of political extremism and violent conflict, focusing on the approaches of governments in how they use counterterrorism to respond to radicalization and extremism. By using case studies and comparative analysis, the authors’ analysis of both Western and non-Western examples focuses on both theoretical components and practical aspects of the deradicalization process. Subjects covered include the historical context, the contemporary situation, and case studies that illustrate these aspects in different countries and across borders. The conclusions drawn also provide readers with examples of the potential solutions that states have adopted to mitigate the threats and reintegrate extreme militants into society and create a more stable world in which violent conflict is lessened.
Kenneth Christie is director of the school of humanitarian studies and professor at Royal Roads University, Victoria, British Columbia.
Dr. Haval Ahmad is an associate faculty at Royal Roads University.
Chapter One. Laying the Groundwork of Radicalization/ De-Radicalization
The Problem with Radicalization and De-Radicalization
Why Now? Why Have Radicalization and De-Radicalization Become Such Important Subjects?
Canada: Salience of the Radicalization/Extreme Behaviour
Terrorism and Radicalism as a Global Condition
The Terrorism and Jihad Nexus
The Global Pandemic and Radicalization/De-Radicalization
Chapter Two. Return to History
Terrorism and Radicalism in Historical Context
Modernity and Terrorism
Waves of Terrorism and Radicalization
Post-World War II-1945-1990: The Cold War
Post-Cold War from 1990 to 2001
1990 to 2001: The Threats Following the End of the Cold War
2001- Present the War on Terrorism and its Implications
Globalization and the New Terror
Terrorism as a Global Condition
Chapter Three. Micro and Macro Level Theories: Radicalization and De-Radicalization
The Role of Human Security
What Causes Radicalization?
Who are They?
Radicalizing Women: The Gender Dimension
Chapter Four. Response to Radicalization: State Interventions and Different Models
Different Responses to Radicalization and Political Extremism
Impact on Communities, Effectiveness and Limitations
Chapter Five. Review of the Responses to Radicalization Success and Failures: A Focus on Community-Based Deradicalization Approach
Programs Review Process and Data Collection
From Securitization to Soft Strategies: Dealing with Deradicalization and Disengagement
Programs Success and Failures
Deradicalization and Disengagement Programs Evaluation
Community-Based Programs Through Two Case Studies
Chapter Six. Human Rights, Human Security and Deradicalization: A Balance for Success
Human Rights and Human Security: Contributing Factors and Implications
Programs Short-Comings and Contradiction of Human Rights
About the Authors
A timely book that delves into one of the most complex issues of today and does so using a comparative analysis that will be relied on for years to come. The research foundation of this text is solid and the authors build upon it by using real-life case studies and approaches that animate this subject in the real world. Christie and Ahmad have provided a resource that is highly useful for policy makers, practitioners, researchers, and students.
This new text provides an excellent discussion and analysis of global radicalization policy. By assessing the causes of radicalization, outcomes of de-radicalization, and global responses to these phenomena the authors give the reader exceptional coverage of a complex web of issues.
Examining the factors leading to radicalization and mobilization to violence as well as those that can prevent and move a person back off the terrorist trajectory is crucial to countering political violence, terrorism, and violent extremism in our time. This book provides a start in the right direction.