At a time when many regions of the world, Europe included, see a resurgence of authoritarianism, several countries in Eastern Europe: Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia and Armenia, are struggling to counter this trend by developing European-style democracies.
In this second edition, three years after the first, the story of Eastern Europe’s dramatic struggles to achieve properly functioning democracies and the rule of law rages on, warranting deeper analysis and substantial updating.
Highlights during this period include the spectacular ascent but questionable achievements of Vladimir Zelensky in Ukraine, the rise and fall of the pro-Russian presidency of Igor Dodon in Moldova, the deterioration of Georgia’s democracy under oligarchic state capture, and the advent to power of Nikol Pashinyan in Armenia, now threatened by defeat in the second war over Nagorno Karabakh.
Michael Emerson is Associate Senior Research Fellow at CEPS in Brussels, and was formerly with the European Commission, including as EU Ambassador in Moscow.
Denis Cenușă is Associated Expert at Expert-Grup, a think tank in Chisinau, and Researcher Scholar at the Justus-Liebig University, Giessen.
Tamara Kovziridze is Co-founder and Senior Director of the Reformatics consulting company in Tbilisi, and former deputy minister in the Government of Georgia.
Veronika Movchan is Academic Director of the Institute for Economic Research and Policy Consulting in Kyiv.
Summary: The Struggle Continues
1. The Patchwork Politics of Wider Europe, Richard Youngs
2. The Uncertain State of Georgia’s Democracy, Ghia Nodia
3. Moldova’s Anaemic Democracy and Distorted Europeanisation, Denis Cenușă
4. Democratisation and Europeanisation in 21st Century Ukraine, Mikhail Minakov
5. Armenia’s Auspicious Democratic Advance: Hanging by a Thread, Syuzanna Vasilyan
6. Integrity and Judicial Reform on Trial, Steven Blockmans, Nadejda Hriptievschi, Mykhailo Zhernakov and Ekaterine Zguladze
7. Anti-Corruption Policies, Michael Emerson, Nadejda Hriptievschi, Oleksandr Kalitenko, Tamara Kovziridze, Veronika Movchan and Elena Prohnitchi
8. Russia, the EU and the Eastern Partnership Countries: Four Scenarios, Andrey Makarychev
About the Contributors