This comprehensive text and reference book addresses the questions and problems of cultural resources archaeology for undergraduate and graduate students and practicing archaeologists. Neumann, Sanford, and Neumann use their decades of field experience to discuss in great detail the complex processes involved in conducting a cultural resources management (CRM) project. Dealing with everything from law to logistics, archival research to artifact analysis, project proposals to report production, they provide an invaluable sourcebook for archaeologists who do contract archaeology. After introducing the legal and ethical aspects of CRM and stakeholder engagement, the authors describe the processes of designing a proposal and contracting for work, doing background research, conducting assessment, testing, mitigation work (Phase I, II, and III), laboratory analysis, and preparing reports for project sponsors.
The volume’s emphasis on practical problems, use of extensive examples, and detailed advice on a host of subjects make it an ideal manual for archaeologists and field schools. This revised and expanded third edition of Practicing Archaeology: A Manual for Cultural Resources Archaeology updates Federal and state contracting protocols and covers preparing safety plans for occupational hazards, organization of an archaeology laboratory, use of electronic technology and digital media, advice on field and personnel management, and how to make a living doing cultural resources archaeology.
THOMAS W. NEUMANN established, then directed for many years, the doctoral program in anthropological archaeology at Syracuse University, served as a research associate for the State University of New York Research Foundation, and since 1985 has worked as a corporate archaeologist and research administrator, serving variously as senior partner or senior scientist for national cultural resources firms.
Neumann is the author or co-author of over 80 books and monographs, and has published articles in Current Anthropology, American Antiquity, American Archaeology, Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, Plains Anthropologist, and the Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology, to name a few.
Neumann has served as an external grants reviewer for the National Endowment for the Humanities and for the National Science Foundation, and as a member of the Board of Directors of the Georgia Council of Professional Archaeologists. Amongst various historic preservation awards, he was co-recipient of the Honor Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation (1992) for his work on the Third Haven Meeting House in Easton, Maryland. He has received a number of awards for outstanding teaching, including from Phi Beta Kappa in 2006 as visiting faculty at Emory University, something Emory normally does not allow.
ROBERT M. SANFORD served for several years as a research associate for the State University of New York Research Foundation and later as a partner and corporate archaeologist in New York cultural resources firms. Sanford taught anthropology, environmental science, and environmental policy as adjunct faculty at the Community College of Vermont, Johnson State College, and Antioch New England Graduate School. He currently is a faculty member in the University of Southern Maine’s Environmental Science and Policy Program, a position he has held since 1996.
His articles treating archaeology, environmental policy, and landscape analysis have appeared in The Environmental Professional, Land Use Policy, Journal of Vermont Archaeology, American Archaeology, and American Antiquity.
MARY SPINK NEUMANN (nee Mary L. Spink taught Anthropology as an instructor and served as an archaeometric laboratory technician at the Pennsylvania State University. She worked as a field assistant or senior technician in Pennsylvania cultural resources firms. At the behest of the Honduran government, she conducted research on the country’s prehistoric ground stone tools as a U.S. Agency for International Development Academic Specialist and as a Senior Fulbright Research Scholar. Between 1987 and 2018, she was employed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a Behavioral Scientist in infectious diseases. Neumann is currently a Senior Research Fellow and Consulting Archaeologist at the Pocket Park—Wentworth Analytical Facility.
She has published articles on archaeology ranging from Yaxkin to the Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology, and on public health and safety in PLoS ONE, American Journal of Public Health, Journal of Infectious Diseases, Public Health Reports, and the MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), amongst others.
Prefaces to First, Second, and Third Editions
1: Introduction and Overview of Professional Archaeology
2: Laws, Regulations, and Protocols
3: Proposals and Contracts
4: Safety Factors and Occupational Hazards
5: Preparing the Project Background
6: The Phase I Process: Identification of Possible Historic Properties
7: The Phase II Process: Testing and Evaluation
8: The Phase III Process: Mitigation through Data Recovery
9: Laboratory Structure, Processing, Analysis
10: Report Preparation and Production
Appendix A. Core Federal Regulations and Standards.
Appendix B. Summary of Disease Hazards.
Appendix C. Poisonous Plants.
Appendix D: Register of Professional Archaeologists Code of Conduct and Standards of Research Performance
About the Authors
Practicing Archaeology is the book the profession wish it had in the 1990s. The first edition was published in 2001 and has been an accepted coursebook since. It’s written in a slightly informal voice, reaching out to the student encompassing the wide scope of all the profession entails. It incorporates decades of the authors’ and the authors’ peers, students, and other professionals’ anecdotes and first-hand trials and tribulations in each key aspect of the changing business of archaeology.
Practicing Archaeology is an essential resource for students pursuing a career in cultural resource management (CRM), which is the industry that employs most archaeologists working in the U.S. today. All archaeology curricula should include specific training in CRM, and this textbook is the best guide to this industry.
Neumann, Sanford, and Neumann have raised the bar once again. This updated version of an industry and academic classic should be required reading for any professional or anyone entertaining the thought of a career in Cultural Resource Management.