The Future of Multilateralism addresses current challenges and future perspectives of international and regional organizations. It aims to uncover how stable the foundations of global cooperation really are, particularly in the light of the latest unilateral and protectionist practices of international players and challenges related to COVID-19. The post–World War II global order was built on the foundations of multilateral cooperation. The establishment of international institutions is aimed at avoiding another widespread collision like the two World Wars and to ensure peace and prosperity. Hence, the multilateral system was viewed as an effective mechanism in dealing and resolving various challenges at an international or a regional level. Given the effects of COVID-19 on the global, regional, state, and individual levels are so recent, very little research has been conducted to understand the challenges many multilateral institutions are facing due to the pandemic. This book uncovers the future of such organizations and prospects for the multilateral system, of which they constitute the building blocks, in view of recent trends and developments.
Madeleine O. Hosli is Professor of Political Science (International Relations) at Leiden University.
Taylor Garrett is a Researcher at the Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs at Leiden University.
Sonja Niedecken is a Researcher at the Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs at Leiden University.
Nicolas Verbeek is a Researcher at the Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs at Leiden University.
Foreword by Barbara Pesce-Monteiro
Foreword by Bob Reinalda
Introduction, Madeleine O. Hosli
Part I: International Organisations
Chapter 2. The United Nations and Challenges to Multilateralism, Madeleine O. Hosli
Chapter 3. UNICEF and UN WOMEN in the Post-COVID-19 Era: How the Pandemic is Expected to Reshape the Humanitarian Agenda, Dimitra Protopsalti
Chapter 4. The World Health Organization Under COVID-19: Behind the Crisis, Yue Han
Chapter 5. The Multilateral Trading System in a Changing World: The WTO and Current Threats Challenging its Survival, Morgane B. De Clercq
Chapter 6. The Future of IMF and World Bank: New Dynamics in Times of COVID-19 Crisis, 2020, Nicolas Verbeek
Part II: Regional Organisations and Institutions
Chapter 7. The African Union and Multilateralism, Nandi Makubalo
Chapter 8. European External Action and Multilateralism, Sonja Niedecken
Chapter 9. The European Union and the Challenges to Internal Multilateralism: A Perspective on European Macroeconomic Governance and the COVID-19 Crisis, Carolina Alice D’Ambrosio
Chapter 10. ASEAN and the Challenges to its Legitimacy, Rizwan Togoo
Chapter 11. Mercosur: Breaking the Stalemate in a Post-COVID-19 World, Amber Scheele
Chapter 12. China’s AIIB in the Post-COVID-19 Era: Challenging the World’s Financial Architecture, Taylor A. Garrett
Part III: Multilateral Organisations and Regimes
Chapter 13. International Development Cooperation, Gulnara Abbas
Chapter 14. Multilateral Cooperation in International Tax Law, Juliana Cubillos, Frederik Heitmüller and Irma Mosquera Valderrama
Chapter 15. The UN Climate Regime: Multilateralism, Polycentricity, and Divergent Energy Futures, Susann Handke
Conclusion, Morgane B. De Clercq and Susann Handke