Local Autonomy as a Human Right contends that local communities struggle to preserve their territorial autonomy over time despite changes to the broader political and geographic contexts within which they are embedded. Forrest argues that this both reflects and is evidence of a worldwide embrace of local control as a key political and social value, indeed, of such importance that it should be embraced and codified as a human right.
This study weaves together evidence grounded in a variety of disciplines - history, geography, comparative politics, sociology, public policy, anthropology, international jurisprudence, rural studies, urban studies -- to make clear that a presumed, inherent moral right to local self-determination has been manifested in many different historical and social contexts.
This book constructs a compelling argument favoring a human right to local autonomy. It identifies practical factors that help to account for the relative success of communities that are able to assert local control over time. Here, particular attention is paid to whether localities are able to generate policy and organizational capacity. Forrest suggests that a focus on local policy and organizational capacity can help to explain why some communities attempting to assert greater local control are more successful than others.
Local Autonomy as a Human Right contributes to scholarly debates regarding the varied impacts of globalization, with the place-based perspective and moral emphasis on territorial-centered rights put forth herein offering a necessary counter-narrative to the often-presumed predominance of global forces.
Joshua B. Forrest is Professor and Department Chair of History and Political Science at La Roche University, USA.
Chapter 1. Local Control, Human Rights and Globalization
Chapter 2. The Moral and Legal Case: Human Rights, Community Rights and Legal Pluralism
Chapter 3. Territory and Social Values in Global History
Chapter 4. Local Environmental Autonomy vs. ‘Monumentalism’
Chapter 5. Towards Agrarian Autonomy
Chapter 6. Weak States, Strong Localities: Do Localities Benefit from State Fragility?
Chapter 7. The Decentralization Fix?
Chapter 8. Home Rule in the U.S.; The Local Dynamics of Fracking
Chapter 9. Large Cities as Power Brokers
Chapter 10. Towards Micro-local Policy Influence: Participatory Budgeting
Chapter 11. Conclusion: Local Control as Social Value
Local Autonomy as a Human Right offers an important contribution to the debate over globalisation/localism, a topic that has been given fresh impetus by the COVID-19 pandemic.