This book argues for making African intelligence services front-and-center in studies about historical and contemporary African security. As the first academic anthology on the subject, it brings together a group of international scholars and intelligence practitioners to understand African intelligence services’ post-colonial and contemporary challenges. The book’s eleven chapters survey a diverse collection of countries and provides readers with histories of understudied African intelligence services. The volume examines the intelligence services’ objectives, operations, leaderships, international partners and legal frameworks. The chapters also highlight different methodologies and sources to further scholarly research about African intelligence.
Ryan Shaffer is a historian with expertise on political violence and security. He has written for international magazines, including Reader’s Digest and Homeland Security Today, and his academic research has appeared in journals, such as Intelligence and National Security and the Journal of Intelligence History. Shaffer is the author of Music, Youth and International Links in Post-War British Fascism: The Transformation of Extremism.
Introduction, Ryan Shaffer
1. The More Things Change: Kenya’s Special Branch During the Decade of Independence, Ryan Shaffer
2. Intelligence, Decolonization and Non-Alignment in Zanzibar and Tanganyika, 1962–1972, Simon Graham
3. Soviet Bloc Security Services and the Birth of New Intelligence Communities in Mozambique and Angola, Owen Sirrs
4. Intelligence in Counterinsurgency: Lessons from the Rhodesian Experience, Glenn A. Cross
5. The Role of the Forces armées rwandaises Intelligence Services and Parallel Power Structures During the Rwandan Struggle for Liberation, John Burton Kegel
6. Intelligence and Political Power in Neo-Patrimonial Systems: Theory and Evidence from Liberia, Benjamin J. Spatz and Alex Bollfrass
7. The Sudanese Intelligence Services Between Continuity and Disruption, Joseph Fitsanakis and Shannon Brophy
8. Civilian Intelligence Services in Botswana: Colonial Legacies and Politicization of the Directorate of Intelligence and Security, Tshepo Gwatiwa and Lesego Tsholofelo
9. Knowledge Is Power, But Power Corrupts: Reassessing the Role of Intelligence in South Africa’s Wars, Politics and Society, 1965–2020, Kevin A. O’Brien
10. The Challenge of Effective Intelligence in Nigerian Post-Military Rule, Ibikunle Adeakin
11. Meeting the Needs of the State: Intelligence, Security and Police Legal Frameworks in East Africa, Christopher E. Bailey
With publication of this edited volume on intelligence in Africa, Shaffer has performed a long overdue service for the international community of scholars concerned with the history and politics of the national security state. I cannot recommend this book highly enough. It will become the standard work on African intelligence services for years to come.
African intelligence services are grossly undocumented in security studies. This book is a springboard to filling that gap. It is an incredible contribution to the study of the worldwide intelligence community from a new perspective.
This is the first of its kind in that it fills in the vital lacuna in our understanding of African intelligence services in national rather than international contexts. The contributors to this volume are to be credited with making a significant contribution to the field of Intelligence Studies.
This is an important study that will help increase the understanding of how Africa responds to the growing spread of instability and terrorism in the coming years. Shaffer has done an outstanding job bringing together such a wide array of expertise on African intelligence services.