This book argues for making African intelligence services front-and-center in studies about historical and contemporary African security. As the first academic anthology on the subject, it brings together a group of international scholars and intelligence practitioners to understand African intelligence services’ post-colonial and contemporary challenges. The book’s eleven chapters survey a diverse collection of countries and provide readers with histories of understudied African intelligence services. The volume examines the intelligence services’ objectives, operations, leaderships, international partners and legal frameworks. The chapters also highlight different methodologies and sources to further scholarly research about African intelligence. This is an essential volume for any scholar interested in African intelligence and security studies.
Ryan Shaffer is a historian with expertise on political violence and security in Asia, Africa and Europe.
Introduction, Ryan Shaffer
1. The More Things Change: Kenya’s Special Branch During the Decade of Independence, Ryan Shaffer
2. Intelligence, Decolonization and Non-Alignment in Zanzibar and Tanganyika, 1962–1972, Simon Graham
3. Soviet Bloc Security Services and the Birth of New Intelligence Communities in Mozambique and Angola, Owen Sirrs
4. Intelligence in Counterinsurgency: Lessons from the Rhodesian Experience, Glenn A. Cross
5. The Role of the Forces armées rwandaises Intelligence Services and Parallel Power Structures During the Rwandan Struggle for Liberation, John Burton Kegel
6. Intelligence and Political Power in Neo-Patrimonial Systems: Theory and Evidence from Liberia, Benjamin J. Spatz and Alex Bollfrass
7. The Sudanese Intelligence Services Between Continuity and Disruption, Joseph Fitsanakis and Shannon Brophy
8. Civilian Intelligence Services in Botswana: Colonial Legacies and Politicization of the Directorate of Intelligence and Security, Tshepo Gwatiwa and Lesego Tsholofelo
9. Knowledge Is Power, But Power Corrupts: Reassessing the Role of Intelligence in South Africa’s Wars, Politics and Society, 1965–2020, Kevin A. O’Brien
10. The Challenge of Effective Intelligence in Nigerian Post-Military Rule, Ibikunle Adeakin
11. Meeting the Needs of the State: Intelligence, Security and Police Legal Frameworks in East Africa, Christopher E. Bailey