This study builds on a report CSIS published in 2020 on ways the United States can partner with allies and partners to enhance democratic partnership in the Indo-Pacific region. This follow-on effort includes case studies on the democracy support efforts of Australia, Japan, India, Indonesia, South Korea, and Taiwan; comparisons of democracy support strategies; data on official development assistance (ODA) funding related to democracy broadly defined; and recommendations for ways the United States can coordinate democracy support initiatives in the region with like-minded partners as well as regional networks and institutions.
Michael Jonathan Green is senior vice president for Asia and Japan Chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and director of Asian Studies at the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University.
Nicholas Szechenyi is deputy director of the Japan Chair at CSIS where he is also a senior fellow.
Hannah Fodale is an associate fellow with the Japan Chair at CSIS.
Executive Summary V
Categorizing Democracy Support Strategies IX
Funding for Democracy Assistance X
Case Studies 1
Australia: “Friendly Neighbor” 2
Japan: “Good Governance Leader” 8
India: “Election Expert” 16
Indonesia: “ASEAN Organizer” 21
South Korea: “Important Middle Power” 26
Taiwan: “Democracy Diplomat” 31
Alpha Case: The United States 35
About the Authors 37
Annex: A Catalogue of Regional Networks and Institutions 38
Regional Networks 38
Regional Institutions 43
Global Institutions 44