From philosophical debates to classroom discussions, just war theory focuses myopically on Christian (most often Catholic) and Western conceptions. The typical progression takes one from Augustine to Thomas Aquinas to a pastoral letter from the US National Conference of Catholic Bishops. Largely ignored are voices and perspectives outside this tradition. This book redresses this problem and fills significant gaps resulting from this narrow focus. Comprising 12 essays and an introduction by the editors, the collection covers an impressive range of perspectives on just war theory. Some essays deal with different theoretical perspectives—including anarchism, pacifism, feminism, and Marxism-Leninism. Other essays address various cultural approaches, including those of non-Western religions (Islam, Buddhism, Confucianism) and from diverse areas of the world (Africa, India, Asia, and Central America). Unlike many philosophy books, this one was written to be accessible to a wide audience. An important book for anyone interested in the moral bases for the use of military force. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty and professionals; general readers.