Why do representatives of different religious traditions find the transhumanist vision of the future not only theologically compatible but even inspiring? Transhumanism is a global movement seeking radical human enhancement. The trans in transhumanism marks the transition from the present stage in human evolution into the future, namely, post-human existence. Containing chapters written by adherents to a variety of religious traditions, Religious Transhumanism and Its Critics provides first-hand testimony to the value of the transhumanist vision perceived by the religious mind. In addition, the contributors critique both secular and religious transhumanism in light of realistic science and commitment to social justice.
Arvin Gouw is a postgraduate researcher at the Cambridge university school of divinity. He has served as an instructor at Stanford University School of Medicine and faculty affiliate at Harvard Center for Science, Religion, and Culture.
Brian Patrick Green is the director of Technology Ethics at the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics and adjunct faculty in the School of Engineering at Santa Clara University.
Ted Peters is distinguished research professor emeritus at Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary and the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, CA.
Part I: Techno-Utopia? Where Are Transhumanists Leading Us?
Chapter 1: Homo Deus or Frankenstein's Monster? Religious Transhumanism and Its Critics
Chapter 2: Are We Becoming God(s)? Transhumanism, Posthumanism, Antihumanism, and the Divine
Part II: What Are Religious Transhumanists and Their Critics Saying?
Chapter 3: Mormon Transhumanism
Chapter 4: Pre-Original Buddhism and the Transhumanist Imperative
Chapter 5: Unitarian Universalists as Critical Transhumanists
Chapter 6: Confucian Religious Sensibility and Transhumanist Anthropology
Heup Young Kim
Chapter 7: Why Christian Transhumanism?
Chapter 8: Steps Toward a Theology of Christian Transhumanism
Chapter 9: A Roman Catholic View: Technological Progress? Yes. Transhumanism? No.
Brian Patrick Green
Chapter 10: Technological Theosis? An Eastern Orthodox Critique of Religious Transhumanism
Chapter 11: The Transhumanist Pied Pipers: A Jewish Caution against False Messianism
Part III: The H+ Future: What are the Issues?
Chapter 12: Cyborg, Gender, and the Posthuman Self
J. Jeanine Thweatt
Chapter 13: A Virtual Ghost in the Digital Machine: Whole Brain Emulation, Disembodied Gender, and Queer Mystical Animality
Jay Emerson Johnson
Chapter 14: Copulation, Masturbation, and Sex Bots: Ethical Implication of AI as My Buddy in Bed
Chapter 15: The Transhumanist Threat to Plants and Animals: An Exercise in Eco-Feminist Critical Theory
Iris Ralph and Peter I-min Huang
Chapter 16: Transhumanism, Theological Anthropology, and the Ethics of Ambiguity
Whitney A. Bauman
Chapter 17: The iCalf, Relationality, and the Extended Body: Evaluations of Different Notions of Post/Transhumanism
Part IV: Is H+ Sound Scientifically? Philosophically? Theologically?
Chapter 18: Transhumanism: Good Science? Bad Science? Pseudo-Science
Chapter 19: Ghosts or Zombies: On Keeping Body and Soul Together
Chapter 20: In Praise of Boundaries: Understanding Mortality as an Ally
Nelson R. Kellogg
Chapter 21: Homo Gubernator as a Teilhardian-Catholic Response to Transhumanism
Chapter 22: Will Transhumanism Reach Point Omega?
Chapter 23: Resurrection, and the Transhumanist Promise
Celia E. Deane-Drummond
Chapter 24: Moral Enhancement, the Virtues, and Transhumanism: Moving Beyond Gene Editing
Chapter 25: Epilogue: Introducing a New Transhumanist Theology