This book is the first of its kind to systematically compare the policies of George W. Bush and Barack H. Obama towards Ghana, with a focus on economic aid, military aid, and immigration. It examines George W. Bush and Barack H. Obama’s economic aid policies, military aid policies, and immigration policies towards Ghana to identify not only the significant differences between the approaches of the two administrations, but also the factors that influenced and exacerbated the difference in their approaches. The book is also significant in terms of its epistemological contributions to diplomatic praxes, the literature on United States foreign policy, and development theories.
Abdul Razak Iddris is a research associate at The African Institution and an instructor of American government and African American history at the National Collegiate Preparatory Public Charter School in Washington, DC.
Competing Perspectives on United States Foreign Policy toward Ghana
Economic Aid Policies
Military Aid Policies
Summary, Conclusions, and Policy Recommendations
"Among the many important lessons in this effulgent book made possible by Abdul Razak Iddris' theoretically and methodologically grounded analyses of impeccable empirical data, the following is the most compelling: the color of a person's skin does not dictate his/her policies and actions; it is what is in his/her heart that does. Iddris adds to the few systematic works that have demonstrated that as far as Africa is concerned, George W. Bush is the best United States President to ever occupy The White House."- Abdul Karim Bangura, American University's Center for Global Peace
“This is the first comprehensive empirical study with sound theoretical grounding and robust methodology to compare two American Presidents who followed divergent paths in their policies towards Africa in general and Ghana in particular.” – Dr. Kehbuma Langmia, Howard University.