The present volume focuses on the relationship with Communism of Romania's most important religious denominations and their attempt to cope with that difficult past which continues to cast an important shadow over their present. For the first time ever, this volume considers both the majority Romanian Orthodox Church and significant minority denominations such as the Roman and Greek Catholic Churches, the Reformed Church, the Hungarian Unitarian Church, and the Pentecostal Christian Denomination. It argues that no religious group escaped collaboration with the Communists. After 1989, however, most denominations had little desire to tackle their tainted past and make a clean start. In part, this situation was facilitated by the country's deficient legislation that did not encourage the pursuit of lustration, which in turn did not lead to a serious movement of elite renewal in the religious realm. Instead, a strong process of reproduction of the old elites and their adaptation to democracy has been the dominant characteristic of the post-Communist period.
Lavinia Stan is professor at St. Francis Xavier University.
Lucian Turcescu is professor in the Department of Theological Studies at Concordia University.
Part One: The Romanian Orthodox Church
Prison Saints: Memorialization, Sacralization, and Collective Catharsis
Go-Betweens and Intersections: The Communist Inspectors for Religious Denominations, a Case Study
Collaboration with the Communists in the Orthodox Theological Institutes
Orthodox Churches and Political Strategies in Romania and Yugoslavia
Lucian N. Leustean
Part Two: Catholic Churches
The Roman Catholic Church during and after the Communist Regime
Zoltán Mihály Nagy and Csaba Zoltán Novák
The Greek Catholic Church: A Troubled Recent Past and a Painful Transitional Justice
Part Three: Protestant Churches
The Reformed Elite Facing the Communist Regime
Resistance, Conformation and Service: The Unitarian Church during 1945-1965
The Pentecostals and the Legacy of Communism
About the Contributors
[The] book provides a rich theoretical and empirical approach that will appeal to an audience with an interest in religious studies and society in East European countries. The book provides a systematic and detailed framework of the church–state relationship both at a personal and institutional level among the main Christian denominations and groups active in communist and post communist Romania.