Trim: 6⅜ x 9¼
978-1-4985-6999-6 • Hardback • February 2020 • $105.00 • (£81.00)
978-1-4985-7001-5 • Paperback • July 2021 • $39.99 • (£31.00)
978-1-4985-7000-8 • eBook • February 2020 • $38.00 • (£29.00)
Leonardo A. Villalón is professor of African politics at the University of Florida.
Rahmane Idrissa is senior researcher in the African Studies Centre at the University of Leiden.
1: The Politics of Democratization and State Building in the Sahel
Leonardo A. Villalón
2: Controlled Democratization, Institutional Reforms, and Political (In)Stability in Mauritania
Zekeria Ould Ahmed Salem
3: Constitutional Revisions, Democracy, and the State in Senegal
Ismaïla Madior Fall
4: Stress-testing Democratic Reforms in Mali: The Political Elite and the Breakdown of the State
5: Democratic Struggle and State Building in Burkina Faso: Between Manipulation and Resilience of Institutions
6: The Nigerien Paradox: Institutional Consolidation through Political Instability
Mahaman Tidjani Alou
7: Reforming for Stability or Reforming the Instability? Legacies of War, Democratic Struggle, and Institutional Change in Chad.
8: The Dialectics of Democratization and Stability in the Sahel
Democratic Struggle, Institutional Reform, and State Resilience in the African Sahel makes an important contribution to our understanding of democratization struggles and state consolidation in West Africa and fills a great gap in the study of Sahelian countries.The contributing authors provide a rich account of democratization processes and their impact on the state, put in historical perspective.This book will be of interest to scholars interested in institutions and democratization politics broadly for its conceptual framework and comparative analysis, as well as scholars and practitioners wishing to understand better the individual countries making up the West African Sahel. Importantly, it will also provide a crucial historical and theoretical perspective to analysts and policymakers working on the Sahel and its current “crisis,” who would benefit from this valuable collective endeavor. — African Studies Quarterly
This excellent collection of studies of six Francophone countries in the Sahel region of West Africa (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal) examines the impact of democratization on state building since the early 1990s. The supporters of democratization assumed that it would produce more legitimate and effective central states. The process has proved partial and uneven, but all six countries did allow political oppositions to form and began to convene regular multiparty elections. The valuable case studies of Burkina Faso, Mauritania, and Niger suggest that the turn to electoral politics strengthened institutions, whereas the chapter on Mali shows how democratization led to the government’s collapse in 2011. The collection offers no easy generalizations to explain this variation but draws out the social, political, and economic histories of each country, the choices made by individual politicians, and the key political groups that shaped institutional outcomes. — Foreign Affairs
This is an important book because it collects together valuable lessons from a number of understudied countries and connects them to key debates within the literature on democratization and African studies. The fact that the introduction integrates the insights from the different chapters into a helpful conceptual framework means that it stands above most edited collections and should be considered essential reading.— Nic Cheeseman, University of Birmingham and author of Democracy in Africa
This important volume traces the politics of democracy and constitutional reform in some of Africa's most complex, fragile, and strategically-significant states. In West African Sahelian countries, Islam and politics merge in a myriad of ways to shape state resilience and decline. On the impact of democratization reforms, the authors provide sobering analyses of the power of unintended consequences and ill-considered external interventions. A unique and powerful achievement that goes very far in helping scholars and policy-makers understand this critical region. — Catherine Boone, London School of Economics
This book sheds some essential light on the critical and precarious relationship between democratization and state institutions in Sahelian countries. Democratization was about making rulers accountable to their citizens as well as including segments of Sahelian societies whose voices had been previously excluded from the political process. For their part state institutions were supposed to provide social services, deliver and guarantee the protection of the law to all, and supply security. Looking at six countries of the Sahel, this book demonstrates how complicated this relationship has been and continues to be. It historicizes this relationship, delves into the “messiness of history” and connects the “micro-transitions” to current larger political developments. — Cédric Jourde, University of Ottawa