The impact of the Algerian War (1954-1962) continues to resonate in France, where the subject was long repressed in the collective psyche. This book sheds new light on a memory community at the heart of the conflict: the million European settlers known as the pieds-noirs, who migrated to France as the war reached its bloody end. Aoife Connolly draws on theories of performativity to explore autobiographical and fictional narratives by the settlers in over 30 canonical and non-canonical works of literature and film produced from the colony’s imminent demise up to the present day. Connolly focuses on renewed attachment to the family in exile in a comprehensive analysis of settler masculinity, femininity, childhood, and adolescence that uncovers neglected representations, including homosexual and Jewish voices. Findings on the construction of a post-independence identity and collective memory have broader implications for communities affected by colonization and migration. Scholars of French Studies, Postcolonial Studies, Cultural Studies, Gender and Identity Studies, Memory Studies and Migration Studies will find this book particularly useful.
Aoife Connolly is lecturer of French studies at Technological University Dublin.
Chapter 1: Camus, Meursault, Daru, Cormery: The First Pied-Noir Men
Chapter 2: Performing French Algerian Femininity
Chapter 3: Performing Pied-Noir Masculinity
Chapter 4: Performing Childhood and Adolescence through French Algerian Narrators
About the Author
Aoife Connolly shows how self-representations of the settler populations who fled to France when Algeria became independent have changed over time, with the topos of hypermasculinity foregrounded during the colonial period tempered by a more complex range of gender roles. She shines valuable new light on these developments by examining a large body of works by familiar and lesser known writers and filmmakers. Twists and turns since independence are brought skilfully into focus by mapping them onto ongoing revisions in the reputation of colonial Algeria’s most famous writer, Albert Camus.
Using the family as a prism through which to view constructions of identity by pied-noir authors, Connolly’s wide-ranging analysis makes an intellectually rigorous contribution to the academic literature on this important postcolonial community. This thoughtful and historically contextualised deconstruction of narratives via the categories of masculinity, femininity and youth adds welcome nuance to our understanding of a community that is frequently essentialized.