This book explores the nature and persistence of gender inequality in Lebanon in the context of the political and social upheavals triggered by the 2011 Arab Spring. In October 2019, activists again mobilized street demonstrations and acts of civil disobedience calling for an end to state corruption, economic failures, and rampant inequality, including gender discrimination. Using interviews, surveys, and archival and ethnographic research, Hyndman-Rizk (Univ. of New South Wales, Australia) reveals the dynamics of gender inequality and its role in the country’s unique sociopolitical and legal systems. A legacy of the French mandate, the Lebanese state formally recognizes 18 distinct religious communities resulting in a plural legal system, where personal status codes that regulate marriage, divorce, and inheritance are embedded in the different religious laws of each confessional community. The author’s careful analysis reveals the deep-rooted patriarchal values entrenched in both the civil and religious laws that trap women between sect and nation in Lebanon. Ongoing popular demands for secularization and democratic reform will, no doubt, lead to improvements in gender equality, a goal that Lebanese women activists continue to strive for. Summing Up: Highly recommended. General readers through faculty.