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The Bonin Islanders, 1830 to the Present

Narrating Japanese Nationality

David Chapman

This book is a collection of interwoven historical narratives that present an intriguing and little known account of the Ogasawara (Bonin) archipelago and its inhabitants. The narratives begin in the seventeenth century and weave their way through various events connected to the ambitions, hopes, and machinations of individuals, communities, and nations. At the center of these narratives are the Bonin Islanders, originally an eclectic mix of Pacific Islanders, Americans, British, French, German, Portuguese, Italian, and African settlers that first landed on the islands in 1830. The islands were British sovereign territory from 1827 to 1876, when the Japanese asserted possession of the islands based on a seventeenth century expedition and a myth of a samurai discoverer. As part of gaining sovereign control, the Japanese government made all island inhabitants register as Japanese subjects of the national family register. The islanders were not literate in Japanese and had little experience of Japanese culture and limited knowledge of Japanese society, but by 1881 all were forced or coerced into becoming Japanese subjects. By the 1930s the islands were embroiled in the Pacific War. All inhabitants were evacuated to the Japanese mainland until 1946 when only the descendants of the original settlers were allowed to return. In the postwar period the islands fell under U.S. Navy administration until they were reverted to full Japanese sovereignty in 1968. Many descendants of these original settlers still live on the islands with family names such as Washington, Gonzales, Gilley, Savory, and Webb. This book explores the social and cultural history of these islands and its inhabitants and provides a critical approach to understanding the many complex narratives that make up the Bonin story. « less more »
Lexington Books
Pages: 246Size: 6 1/4 x 9 3/8
978-1-4985-1663-1 • Hardback • February 2016 • $90.00 • (£60.00)
978-1-4985-1664-8 • eBook • February 2016 • $85.00 • (£54.95)
Series: AsiaWorld
David Chapman is associate professor and reader in Japanese studies at the University of Queensland.
Chapter 1: The Orphan, the Uninhabited, and the Archbishop: Narratives of Discovery and Possession
Chapter 2: An Unsettled Settlement: Narratives of Promise and Menace
Chapter 3: Encountering Japan: Narratives of Possession and Reclamation
Chapter 4: Naturalized Foreigners: Narratives of Nation and Modernity
Chapter 5: Christianity, Colonialism, and Community: Narratives of Spectacle and Religion
Chapter 6: Strangers at Home: Narratives of Suspicion and Conflict
Chapter 7: A World Apart: Narratives of Identity
Chapter 8: Conclusion
The story of the Bonin Islands is an extraordinary and little-known part of Japan's frontier history. A place of multiple cultural encounters, migrations, displacements, and occupations, the Bonins offer a vantage point for a fresh look at the shaping of modern Japan. David Chapman provides a superb historical analysis of the islands' history, while also recounting their fascinating and sometimes tragic history with the skills of a consummate storyteller.
Tessa Morris-Suzuki, Australian National University

David Chapman narrates a fascinating chapter of global history through the story of the Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands, their people, and shifting regional power dynamics. He reveals a space and time of cosmopolitanism in the history of Japan and the Pacific.
Vera Mackie, University of Wollongong, author of Feminism in Modern Japan: Citizenship, Embodiment and Sexuality