Communities are not static or stationary organisms. They are fluid and dynamic and change over time. The role of community development in the change and transformation of a community is critical to improving and enhancing the quality of life of the community and its residents. Effective community development strategies do not assume what a community wants or needs; rather, the community itself serves as its own voice and writes its own story. This book examines how community development changes a community and why that change matters. This book examines the relationship between community development and social capital, and how social capital is enhanced by programs and initiatives aimed at developing, revitalizing, and transforming neighborhoods and communities. When a community improves its social capital, change can happen, because people can leverage their networks to produce better results for themselves. This book also looks at comprehensive community development and collective impact models and several case studies that utilize these models, how the transformation and revitalization of a neighborhood through new housing creates opportunities for people everywhere, and how effective placemaking strategies empower diverse groups of people in a community to reimagine the public spaces and the built environment to be more livable, walkable, creative, and sustainable while fostering greater connections with people in their community.
Matthew J. Hanka is associate professor of political science at the University of Southern Indiana.
Chapter 1: What is Community? What is Community Development? History of Community Development; Models of Community Development
Chapter 2: Social Capital: Dimensions of Social Capital, Social Networks, Critiques of Social Capital
Chapter 3: The Social Capital Implications of Habitat for Humanity Homeownership
Matthew J. Hanka, Mohammed Khayum and Ramona Harvey
Chapter 4: Social Capital and Economic Development: A Neighborhood Perspective
Matthew J. Hanka and Trent Engbers
Chapter 5: Service Learning and Community Development
Anne Statham and Helen Rosenberg
Chapter 6: Adaptive Collaborative Community Transformation (ACCT) model of Comprehensive Community Development and Case Studies: Glenwood, Jacobsville, and Engage Henderson
Chapter 7: What is Collective Impact? Case Studies of Collective Impact: VOICE and Promise Zone
Chapter 8: HOPE VI, New Urbanism, and Social Capital
Matthew J. Hanka and John Gilderbloom
Chapter 9: Placemaking and Social Capital
Conclusion: Lessons learned in community development and collective impact