The completely revised, expanded, and updated fourth edition of the world’s most comprehensive electrical and electronics handbook for sailors
Marine Electrical and Electronics Bible is a useful and thoroughly practical guide that explains in detail how to select, install, maintain, and troubleshoot all of the electrical and electronic systems found on board cruising, racing, and trawler yachts, power- and motorboats, and even superyachts. This guide is fully illustrated throughout with more than two hundred charts, wiring diagrams, tables, and graphs.
Light on theory and heavy on practical advice, Marine Electrical and Electronics Bible recognizes that most cruising yacht owners do not have a technical background. The chapters are formatted to enable quick access to technical descriptions and troubleshooting advice. They are also infused with the author’s own professional marine electrical background and lived cruising experiences, along with lessons learned over decades of continual input and conversations with fellow sailors.
The Marine Electrical section incorporates all of the latest developments in battery technology and charging. It also has a substantial section on renewable energy systems—including wind, water, and solar—and a comprehensive chapter on marine diesel engines and related systems.
The Marine Electronics section is technologically up to date, including new developments with AIS, GMDSS, and radar. The communications chapters are unique in that they incorporate a comprehensive listing of radio frequencies and weather broadcast times, from HAM and HF/SSB radio to VHF radio and NAVTEX, for most major sailing areas around the world. The various satellite communications systems are explained in detail, along with a curated selection of useful phone boating apps. The final chapters have extensive troubleshooting, maintenance information, and practices, as well as a detailed worldwide list of service companies.
John C. Payne is a professional marine electrical engineer and surveyor, with a career spanning more than forty years in commercial shipping, the offshore oil industry, and yachting. He is a qualified technical writer and author of fifteen marine electrical and electronics books and numerous magazine articles. John has been involved with everything from submarine sonar systems and oil rig operation manuals to military helicopters. Currently, he is a commissioning manager for some of the world's largest and most complex offshore oil production and drilling installations. He has built, restored, and cruised several yachts and lives aboard his own boat. He is a member of the ABYC and the Cruising Association.
SECTION ONE: MARINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
Marine Electrics. Technology Advances.
Battery Rating Selection. Deep Cycle Batteries. Starting Batteries. Battery Technologies. Gel Cell Batteries. Optima Batteries. AGM Batteries. Lithium-Ion Batteries. Carbon Foam Batteries. Alkaline Batteries. Battery Installation.
3. Battery Charging Systems
Battery Charging Systems. Charging Cycles. Charging System Configurations. Battery Charging Capacity. Charging System Redundancy. Charging System Maintenance.
4. Alternative Energy Charging
Solar Systems. Solar Panel Installation. Solar Panel Troubleshooting. Wind Charging Systems. Wind Generator Ratings. Generator Charging Regulation. Hydrogenerators.
5. Alternator Charging Systems
Field Circuits. High Output Alternators. 48V High Output Systems. Alternator Installation. Alternator Maintenance. Alternator Troubleshooting. Alternator Regulators. Balmar Regulators. Charging System Troubleshooting.
6. Battery Chargers
Battery Chargers. Battery Charger Types. Battery Charger Output Ratings. Charger/Inverters. Multiple Battery Charging. Battery Charger Installation.
7. DC Systems Wiring
Wiring Regulations and Standards. Voltage Systems. Wiring Configurations. Circuit Control and Protection. Switchboard Cable and Wiring Installation. Circuit Protection. Switchboard Troubleshooting. Conductor Selection. Mast Cable Troubleshooting.
Galvanic Corrosion. Galvanic Protection. Anodes and Galvanic Protection. Anode Systems. Anodes for FRP/GRP and Wooden Boats. Crevice Corrosion. Isolation Transformers. Corrosion System Troubleshooting. Electrolytic (Stray Current) Corrosion.
9. Lighting Systems
Internal Lights. LED Lights. Deck Lights. Spotlights. Navigation Lights.
10. Lightning Protection
Lightning Protection. Lightning. Lightning Physics. Lightning Protection Standards. Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP). Lightning Protection Systems. Keels and Grounding. Surge and Transient Protection. Lightning Strike Mitigation.
11. Anchor Windlasses, Deck Winches and Furlers
Anchor System Basics. Anchor Performance. Anchor Windlass Selection. Windlass Operation. Windlass Electrical Installation. Windlass Troubleshooting. Electric Deck Winches and Furlers.
12. Bow and Stern Thrusters
Thruster Basics. Thruster Ratings. Thruster Types. Thruster Power Outputs. Thruster Power Supply. Thruster Control. Thruster Maintenance. Troubleshooting. Hydraulic Thrusters. Stabilizers.
13. DC Motors and Equipment
DC Motors. Permanent Magnet DC Motors. DC Motor Inspection. DC Motor Carbon Brushes. Motor and Circuit Control. DC Motor Troubleshooting. Auxiliary DC Equipment.
14. Diesel Engines
Diesel Engines. Diesel Fuel Systems. Injection Methods. Diesel Fuel Quality. Fuel System Troubleshooting. Diesel Fuel and Water. Engine Freshwater Cooling System. Engine Seawater Cooling System. Seacocks and Thru Hulls. Seacock Maintenance. Seawater Strainers. Engine Lubricating Oil System. Oil Testing. Air Systems. Engine Exhausts. Turbocharger Troubleshooting. Diesel Engine Maintenance. Diesel Engine Troubleshooting.
15. Engine Electrical and Instrumentation
Diesel Engine Starting Systems. Diesel Engine Controls. Maintenance and Troubleshooting. Preheating Systems. Starting System Failure Mode Analysis. Engine Instrumentation. Control Circuit Devices. Engine Instrument Troubleshooting.
16. Electric Propulsion Systems
Electric Propulsion System. Electric Propulsion Basics. Electric Propulsion Configuration. Propulsion System Batteries. Battery Charging. Propulsion Electric Motors. Electric Boats.
17. AC Power Systems
AC Power Systems. AC Power Safety. 115VAC 60Hz Single Pahe System. 115/230VAC Single Phase System. Isolation Transformers. AC Switchboards and Panels. Short Circuit Protective Devices. AC Cable Installation. AC Rotating Machinery. Motor Troubleshooting. AC Appliances.
18. AC Generators
AC Generators. AC Alternators. Generator Rating Calculation. Generator Systems. Generator Protection. Alternator Protection. Alternator Maintenance. Generator Mechanical Systems. Generator Maintenance. Generator Troubleshooting.
19. AC Inverters
AC Inverters. Inverter Output Waveforms. Inverter DC Loads. AC Transfer Systems. Combination Charger Units. Inverter Installation. Inverter Efficiency. Inverter Interference. Inverter Troubleshooting.
20. Shore Power Systems
Shore Power Systems. Shore Power AC Safety. Rules and Regulations. Shore Power Components. Shore Power Inlet Sockets. Shore Power Leads. Polarity Indication. Input Isolation. Circuit Protection.
21.Refrigeration and HVAC
Refrigeration Systems. Electric Refrigeration Systems. Hermetic Compressors. Refrigeration Troubleshooting. Air Conditioning. Air Conditioning Troubleshooting. Diesel Heater Systems. Diesel Heater Troubleshooting.
22. Water and Sewage Systems
Pressurized Water Systems. Water Pressure Pumps. Water Pump Wiring. Water Pipes and Fittings. Water System Troubleshooting. Hot Water Calorifier. Diesel Hot Water Heaters. Desalination Systems. Bilge Pump Systems. Bilge Pump Float Switches. Bilge Pump Troubleshooting. Sewage Systems (MSD). Electric Toilet Systems. Grey Water and Shower Drain Systems.
23. Hydraulic Power Systems
Hydraulic Power. Hydraulic Power Basics. Hydraulic Power Safety. Hydraulic Power System Elements. Hydraulic Maintenance. Hydraulic Power Troubleshooting.
SECTION TWO: MARINE ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS
24. Marine Electronics
Marine Electronics. Technology Advances. Artificial Intelligence. Internet of Things.
25. Marine Electronics Installation
Marine Electronics. Marine Electronics Installation. Marine Electronics Ergonomics.
26. Electronic Charting
Electronic Charting. Electronic Charting Basics. Chart Plotter Features. Chart Cartography Systems.
27. GPS Systems
GPS Position Fixing Systems. Galileo EGNOS System. Space Weather. GPS Installation and Troubleshooting.
About AIS. AIS Functions. AIS Principles. AIS Types. AIS Advantages and Limitations. AIS Installation and Operation. AIS Developments. VDES System. AIS SART.
29. Instrument Systems
Instrument Systems. Systems Architecture. Device Interfacing. NMEA2000®. Instrument Selection Criteria. Electronic and Solid-State Compasses. Speed Logs. Speed Log Troubleshooting. Wind Instruments. Wind Transducer Troubleshooting. Depth Sounders. Basic Sonar Theory. Depth Sounder Maintenance. Depth Sounder Troubleshooting.
30. Electronics Interference
Interference Principles. EMI Basics. RFI Basics. Transients and Voltage Spikes. Surge or Electromagnetic Pulse. Suppression Methods. Screening. Noise Troubleshooting.
Autopilot Basics. Hydraulic Steering Systems. Hydraulic System Troubleshooting. Direct Drive Systems. Autopilot Installation. Autopilot Controls and Alarms. Autopilot Maintenance. Autopilot Troubleshooting.
Global Maritime Distress and Safety Systems (GMDSS). Digital Selective Calling (DSC). COSPAS SARSAT System. Satellite EPIRBS’s. Personal Locator Beacons (PLB). SART’s. AIS SART’s.
33. NAVTEX and Weatherfax
NAVTEX Broadcasts. United States NAVTEX. NAVTEX Broadcast Times. Eastern Pacific. Western Atlantic. UK and Europe. Mediterranean. Weatherfax Receivers. GRIB Broadcasts.
34. VHF Radio
VHF Radio. VHF Radio Licensing. VHF Theory. VHF Operation. Antenna Cables and Connections. US VHF Weather Broadcasts. VHF Radio and Weather Broadcasts. UK, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece; Turkey; Caribbean; Australia; NZ.
35. HF/SSB Radio
Signal Propagation. Space Weather Effects. HF Radio Frequencies and Bands. HF Radio Tuner Units. HF Radio Aerials. HF/SSB Radio Grounds. HF Radio Maintenance. HF Radio Troubleshooting.
36. Amateur (Ham) Radio
Amateur (Ham) Radio. Licensing Requirements. Ham Nets. Email Services. Email Service Providers. Morse Code.
37. Satellite Communications
Satellite Services. Satellite System Installation. System Operation.
38. Mobile Phones
Distress Calls and Mobile Phones. Phone Coverage. Mobile Phone Boating Apps. Smart Phone Cybersecurity.
Radar Basics. FMCW Radar. CHIRP Radar. Radar Scanners. Beam Angles. Radar Ranges. Radar Installation. Radar Operation. Radar Maintenance. Troubleshooting.
40. Radar Reflectors
Radar Reflector Theory. Radar Reflector Types. Radar Detectors and Transponders. Radar Fresnel Zones.
41. Onboard Computing
Notebook Computers and Tablets. Notebook Selection. Software Options. Computer Maintenance. Computer Troubleshooting. Computer Cybersecurity.
42. Entertainment Systems
Music Systems. Entertainment Systems. Video and DVD Players. Satellite TV. Terrestrial Television. TV Aerials. Satellite Radio.
43. Forward Looking Sonar and Fish Finders.
Forward Looking Sonar. Fish Finder Principles. CHIRP Transducers. Fish Finder Technology. Troubleshooting
44. Safety and Security Systems
Inflammable Gas Detection. Toxic Gas Detection. Fire Detection Systems. Security Systems. Marine Camera Systems.
45. Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Troubleshooting and Maintenance Safety. Troubleshooting Procedure. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA). Boat Maintenance. Lubricants. Bearing Basics. Winterization. Spring Recommissioning. Service Directories.
Electrical problems are not an inevitable part of cruising and racing. An acceptable level of reliability is possible, and in fact is necessary,' says author John Payne. His Marine Electrical and Electronics Bible will help you achieve this reliability with detailed information on selecting, installing, maintaining and troubleshooting all the electrical and electronic systems on your boat. The information is presented in classic textbook style, accompanied by tables, graphs, and wiring diagrams to make the information easy to find and understand. Each chapter is dedicated to a system, which is explained and thoroughly analyzed. This new edition is fully updated to include modern systems and new technologies.
The Marine Electrical and Electronics Bible by John Payne differs from most other treatments of this important topic in its outline format. There’s very little theory or long digressions; as Sgt. Friday's sidekick used to say: "Just the facts, ma'am." The troubleshooting guides are valuable. Includes AC and DC systems, plus most electronic equipment. A handy reference.
This encyclopedia begins with primary ship systems, like battery, water, engine and AC, before progressing to more esoteric navigational, communication and instrumentation systems. Laid out like an extended outline, this is, perhaps, the most easy-to-follow electrical reference to date, complete with worldwide service contacts.
On electrics, the best book by far we have come across . . .
Subtitled ‘A Practical Handbook for Cruising Sailors,’ this book ranks with the very best technical works ever produced for yachtsmen. It is a solid book, in feel and content, not only well written, but well produced with clear typeface and illustrations. The content is [so] wide-ranging that to list it would more than fill this short review. Any serious cruising yachtsman will probably buy two copies, one for the boat and one for the home. If I was undertaking a long cruise on a modern yacht, I would rank this book an essential part of my equipment. If you are installing equipment aboard a new or current vessel, then again this book is for you. It is very good indeed.
The Marine Electrical and Electronics Bible by John Payne differs from most other treatments of this important topic in its outline format. There s very little theory or long digressions; as Sgt. Friday's sidekick used to say: "Just the facts, ma'am." The troubleshooting guides are valuable. Includes AC and DC systems, plus most electronic equipment. A handy reference.
A concise, useful and thoroughly practical guide. . . . It’s a ‘must have on board’ book.
Everything a sailor could possibly want to know about marine electronics is here . . . as a reference book on the subject it is outstanding.
[Hundreds of] pages of technical information and diagrams make this weighty tome an essential part of the onboard library. Every aspect of a yacht’s electrical system is covered clearly. All in all, this book makes an essential reference manual for both the uninitiated and the expert.
More and more sailors are relying on electronic and electrical devices aboard their boats, but few are aware of the proper installation procedures or how to troubleshoot them when they fail. This book covers this in a well-written, easy-to-understand format that even a sailor will understand.
To keep a boat healthy and safe one must have an electrical system based on sound principles—think of the electrical systems as parts of the body, arteries, veins and capillaries (wires) providing blood (electricity) to all areas of the body (the boat). This comprehensive publication can be the key to a healthy boat. A very thorough ‘Bible’ indeed, as might be expected from a cruising sailor who is also a professional electrical engineer. It covers both installation and troubleshooting in a concise and practical manner.
A bible this really is, covering every aspect of electrical equipment and installation of for all normal hull materials. The clarity and attention to detail make this an ideal reference book that every professional and serious amateur fitter should have on hand. Even the non-technical yachtsman will find vital guidance and numerous valuable tips.
If you are mystified by all those wires, fuses, buttons, switches, etc., this could be your ticket to understanding not the last word, but the latest.
An increasing number of sailors rely more and more on electronic and electrical equipment aboard their boats, so they should increase their awareness of the subject. But . . . few would be able to differentiate between good and bad, safe or unsafe installations. John Payne has put together a concise, useful and thoroughly practical guide explaining in detail how to select, install, maintain and troubleshoot all the electrical and electronic systems on a boat. As the author rightly points out, there are no 24-hour road services offshore, so this book is essential reading for practical sailors. [It] covers all aspects of the subject in great depth and with authority. Batteries, charging systems, lightning protection, water systems, engine electrical systems, navigation station design, autopilots, interfacing, safety systems, computers and even entertainment systems are covered. It’s well illustrated too, so for those unsure of the subject but willing to learn, the clear and concise illustrations will help immensely. It’s a ‘must have on board’ book.
The ever-increasing range of electrical and electronic equipment available to recreational boaters captures a lot of attention. But Payne says the systems to support all the gadgetry are often ignored. Payne, with 18 years’ experience on merchant vessels, offshore oil rigs and recreational yachts, has written his book for the cruising boat owner. Beginning with theory, the book progresses through selection, installation and maintenance of marine electronics systems. Payne, advisor to three Australian BOC around-the-world sail-racing boats in 1990–91, stresses that electronic navigation systems are only aids and no substitute for good seamanship.
Yes, it sounds boring and no, it probably won’t challenge Jeffrey Archer at the top of the best sellers list. But would a best seller help ensure that when the chips were down all of your electrics and electronics carried on working in the way you intended? This comprehensive volume tells you just about everything you need to know about your boat’s electric and electronics systems and is invaluable if you ever intend to leave your marina berth!