This collection of essays addresses the interplay of democratic norms and cultural identity within Asia. The overall question for the volume is how the dueling identities of Asianism (regional exceptionalism) and universalism (democratic norms) are shaping state discourse and behavior in Asia. This is based on a dialogue of scholars organized by CSIS to examine national perspectives on Asianism and universalism across the region, as well as the role of regional democracies in developing a common understanding of rules and norms as the foundation for a more stable regional order. The introduction provides context for these normative debates in the region and addresses the potential to prioritize democracy promotion in foreign policy strategy as segue to essays analyzing normative debates in Japan, South Korea, India, Indonesia, and the United States.
Nicholas Szechenyi is deputy director of the Japan Chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where he is also a senior fellow. Michael J. Green is senior vice president for Asia and Japan Chair at CSIS and director of Asian Studies at the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University.
Asianism and Universalism of Democratic Norms 1
Michael J. Green
The Role of Democracy Promotion in Japanese Foreign Policy 7
South Korea’s Democracy 3.0 and Implications for Its Foreign Relations 15
“I am New India”: Balancing Economic Liberalism with Social Conservatism 21
Shubha Kamala Prasad & Irfan Nooruddin
The Role of Democracy Promotion in Indonesian Foreign Policy 30
R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa
Asianism, Universial Values, and U.S. Perspectives on Ideational Cooperation in Asia 34
About the Editor 39