John W. Dardess (1937–2020) was professor emeritus of history at the University of Kansas. His books include Ming China, 1368–1644: A Concise History of a Resilient Empire, Governing China, 150–1850, and A Political Life in Ming China: A Grand Secretary and His Times.
Four Seasons is a welcome addition to the field of Ming political history. It will engage students and stimulate scholars. The field would benefit from further studies examining Ming emperors, their Grand Secretaries, and the seasons of government through which they passed.