Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Trim: 6⅜ x 9½
978-1-4422-3461-1 • Hardback • August 2014 • $97.00 • (£75.00)
978-0-8108-9627-7 • Paperback • November 2017 • $36.00 • (£28.00)
978-1-4422-3462-8 • eBook • August 2014 • $34.00 • (£26.00)
John Vincent Bellezza is senior research fellow at the Tibet Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville. An archaeologist and cultural historian focused on the pre-Buddhist heritage of Tibet and the Western Himalaya, he has lived in high Asia for three decades. Bellezza has published widely on archaic ritual traditions in Bon and Old Tibetan literature. Since 1992, he has comprehensively charted the monuments and rock art of the ancient Zhang Zhung and Sumpa proto-states. The first non-Tibetan to have explored both the geographic and ritual sources of each of the four great rivers that emerge from the Mount Tise region, Bellezza has also visited nearly every main island and major headland in the great lakes region of the Changthang.
Chapter 1: Discovering the First Civilization of Tibet
Chapter 2: The Great Sky Realm: The Land of Upper Tibet
Chapter 3: Tillers and Herders, Warriors and Saints: The People of Upper Tibet
Chapter 4: From Sky to Earth: The History of Zhang Zhung
Chapter 5: Touching the Sky: The Citadel and Temples of Zhang Zhung
Chapter 6: Penetrating the Earth: The Burial Grounds of Zhang Zhung
Chapter 7: Flesh, Blood, and Bones in Stone: The Artistic Treasures of Zhang Zhung
Chapter 8: Father Sky Eagle and Mother Earth Serpent: The Religion of Zhang Zhung
Chapter 9: Horned Heroes and Turquoise Maidens: The Cultural Life of Zhang Zhung
Chapter 10: My Ancestors, My Gods: Zhang Zhung Reigns in Contemporary Upper Tibet
This fascinating read is an effort to bridge the gap between prehistory and history and resurrect the long-lost cultural links between Central Tibet and Upper Tibet. In chronicling this long-lost civilization, Bellezza braves the challenges of inclement weather and rugged terrain and assiduously explores the mountains, lakes, rivers, tombs, citadels, shrines, and temples that define the geography and rituals of the remote highlands of the Tibetan frontier. Notwithstanding the paucity of historical details, Bellezza maps the region by drawing upon oral traditions, decoding religious texts, exploring remote archaeological sites, and narrating/memorializing fantastic folk literatures to reveal the central characteristics of the land and its people. In showing the linkages between the Lamaist traditions of Central Tibet and the Eternal Bon practices of the Tibetan highlands, the author encourages the renegotiation of the roots of Tibetan identity and self-understanding. The true value of this research can be assessed in light of the damages wrought by environmental changes, the policies and neglect by the People's Republic of China, and the unsavory activities of opportunists in the highlands of Tibet. This admirable addition to the field of Tibetology is a plea to preserve the ancient archaeological sites of Upper Tibet before they are lost to posterity. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students, faculty, researchers, and anyone interested in Tibetan studies.
— Choice Reviews
John Vincent Bellezza’s lifelong project to explore and document the religion and culture of Tibet’s earliest, pre-Buddhist civilization, is uniquely ambitious. In a series of publications he has used the techniques of archaeology, anthropology and textual scholarship to shed light on this world, obscured as it is by the passage of time and the dominance of Buddhism in Tibetan culture for the last thousand years. Bellezza is particularly interested in the civilization known to Tibetan tradition as Zhang Zhung, which was based in western Tibet, also known as Upper Tibet. . . .The Dawn of Tibet is the best introduction to his work so far.
— The Silk Road
The Dawn of Tibet presents the cumulative efforts and progression of a seasoned scholar going beyond what archaeology is able to provide, armed with the support of literature, history, religion, and ritual customs. This is a work for a general audience.... The Dawn of Tibet takes the reader on a journey that is not one of linearity, but one that spreads out in several directions until meeting at one point. It also has much to offer the scholar with its insights on Tibetan civilization and thus stretches beyond the confines of the familiar, creating a complex journey of discovery.
— Asian Highlands Perspectives
John Bellezza is one of a vanishing breed of scholars, an independent archaeological explorer whose work is pioneering in the truest sense of the word. His expeditions over the course of decades to the remotest and least-known regions of Tibet have unearthed a precious body of evidence for the interpretation of Tibet before Buddhism, with profound consequences for our understanding of the Tibetan world.
— Stephen Jenkins, Humboldt State University
For over two decades John Bellezza has supplied the scientific community with spectacular findings from the historically little-explored world of Upper Tibet. His unique contacts with locals through many years of extensive travels throughout the western and northern plateau have given him access to hundreds of cultural sites, many of them clearly of prehistoric origin. Comparative analysis of these sites has led him to the recognition of an advanced early Metal Age civilization in Upper Tibet going back to c.1000 BCE. Regardless the caution of some researchers concerning the author’s suggested shared genealogy of this complex with the entities of the historical Zhang Zhung and Bon, these meticulously recorded discoveries remain outstanding testimonies to Tibet’s prehistoric cultural history. This insightful book recapitulates the key points of Bellezza’s long survey of this ancient world. Combining extensive references to later, mainly non-Buddhist or Zhang Zhung-related textual sources and ethnographic details of the traditional life of Upper Tibet’s nomadic communities, The Dawn of Tibet is a must for anyone interested in the cultures of the Tibetan highlands beyond their Buddhist horizons.
— Guntram Hazod, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna
- An entirely new perspective on the history and culture of Tibet
- Based on primary archaeological, textual and ethnographic materials collected and analyzed by the author
- Provides an overview on the cultural formation of Tibet
- Marshals esoteric Tibetan texts, many of which have never been studied before
- Brings to light a period in Tibet suppressed by the Buddhist establishment for over 1000 years
- Introduces the colorful culture of the herders of Upper Tibet, an ancient people whose way of life is endangered by modern development
- Links Tibet with the rest of Eurasia, exploring manifold connections that drew the ancient world together in surprising ways