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Arizona Firestorm

Global Immigration Realities, National Media, and Provincial Politics

Edited by Otto Santa Ana and Celeste González de Bustamante

In 2010, the governor of Arizona signed a controversial immigration bill (SB 1070) that led to a news media frenzy, copycat bills in twenty-two states, and a U.S. Supreme Court battle that put Arizona at the cross-hairs of the immigration debate. Arizona Firestorm brings together well-respected experts from across the political spectrum to examine and contextualize the political, economic, historical, and legal issues prompted by this and other anti-Latino and anti-immigrant legislation and state actions. It also addresses the news media’s role in shaping immigration discourse in Arizona and around the globe. Arizona is a case study of the roots and impact of the 21st century immigration challenge. Arizona Firestorm will be of interest to scholars and students in communication, public policy, state politics, federalism, and anyone interested in immigration policy or Latino politics.

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Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Pages: 322Size: 6 1/4 x 9 1/4
978-1-4422-1415-6 • Hardback • June 2012 • $92.00 • (£65.00)
978-1-4422-1417-0 • eBook • June 2012 • $89.99 • (£60.00)
Celeste González de Bustamante is Assistant Professor in the School of Journalism at the University of Arizona and an affiliated faculty at the Center for Latin American Studies. She has been an academic fellow at the Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma at Columbia University, and research fellow at the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, and is a founding member of the binational academic and professional organization, Border Journalism Network/La red de periodismo de la frontera. For 15 years prior to entering the academy, González de Bustamante reported and produced commercial and public television news, covering politics and the U.S.-Mexico border. She is the author of "Muy buenas noches": Mexico, Television, and the Cold War.

Otto Santa Ana, born, raised and educated in Arizona, is Associate Professor in Chicana & Chicano Studies at UCLA. One strand of his scholarship focuses on how mass media reproduce societal inequity. The American Political Science Association recognized his first book, Brown Tide Rising: Metaphoric Representations of Latinos in Contemporary Public Discourse (University of Texas Press) as the 2002 Book of the Year on ethnic and racial political ideology.
Nolan L. Cabrera is an Assistant Professor in the Center for the Study of Higher Education at the University of Arizona.

María Eugenia Campo is a graduate researcher at the Universidad Iberoamericana. Her research interests include the sociology of the news and news framing in Venezuela.
Manuel Chavez is the Director of Graduate Studies and Professor at the School of Journalism in Michigan State University. He is currently the Chair of the International Communication Division of the Association for Education of Journalism and Mass Communication. He is Co-coordinator of Graduate Studies of the Chicano/Latino Studies Program at MSU.
Gabriel J. (Jack) Chin is Professor of Law at the University of California, Davis, School of Law, where he teaches and writes about criminal law and procedure, immigration, and race and law. For much of 2010 and 2011, he has been researching, writing and speaking about Arizona's SB 1070 and other state efforts to regulate immigration.
Patricia Gándara is Professor and co-director of The Civil Rights Project at UCLA. Her research focuses on educational equity and access for low income and ethnic minority students, language policy, and the education of Mexican origin youth.
Judith Gans directs the Immigration Policy Program at the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, and teaches "Political Economy of US Immigration Policy" in the Economics Department, both at the University of Arizona.
Alberto R. Gonzales is the Doyle Rogers Distinguished Professor of Law at Belmont University College of Law and Of Counsel to the law firm of Waller Lansden Dortch & Davis in Nashville, Tennessee. He was appointed the 80th Attorney General of the United States in 2005 by President George W. Bush, and he served in the Bush Administration from 2001 to 2005 as White House Counsel. Most recently, Gonzales was a Visiting Professor at Texas Tech University.
Manuel Alejandro Guerrero is currently the Dean of the Department of Communication and Director of "Ibero 90.9 FM Radio" at the Universidad Iberoamericana, in Mexico City. He is also a member of the National System of Researchers, and Academic Coordinator of the Professional Electoral Service at the Federal Electoral Institute in Mexico.
Carissa Byrne Hessick is a Professor of Law at Arizona State University's Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law. Her previous publications on Arizona's SB 1070 have been referenced by a number of major news outlets, including the Wall Street Journal and The Economist.
Jennifer Hoewe is University Graduate Fellow within the College of Communications at The Pennsylvania State University.
Anna Ochoa O'Leary is Assistant Professor of Practice in Mexican American Studies and Co-director of the Binational Migration Institute at the University of Arizona. For her research on repatriated and deported migrant women on the U.S.-Mexico border she was awarded the 2006 Garcia-Robles Fulbright fellowship.
Jennifer Leeman is Associate Professor of Spanish at George Mason University and Research Sociolinguist at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Lilliam E. Martínez-Bustos, Assistant Professor in the School of Journalism & Mass Communication, Florida International University. Before joining FIU, she spent more than two decades as a broadcast journalist in English-language and Spanish-language television. She worked as a producer in the Washington bureaus of the NBC-Telemundo and Univision networks. She also worked at Boston affiliates of PBS, CBS and ABC.
Marc L. Miller is Vice Dean and Ralph W. Bilby Professor, University of Arizona Rogers College of Law.
Michelle Rascón is a graduate of Tucson Unified School District's Ethnic Studies Program.. The Coalición de Derechos Humanos honored another strand of her research, on the migrant deaths along the border, with a Corazon de Justicia award.
Andrea J. Romero is Associate Professor of Family Studies and Human Development and also Mexican American Studies at the University of Arizona.
Carola Suárez-Orozco is Professor of Applied Psychology and Co-Director of Immigration Studies at NYU. She currently serves as the Chair of the American Psychological Association Task Force on Immigration.
Marcelo Suárez-Orozco is Courtney Sale Ross University Professor of Globalization and Education at NYU.
Mercedes Vigón, Ph.D., Associate Professor and Associate Director of the International Media Center in the School of Journalism & Mass Communication at Florida International University, is a native of Spain. She trained journalists in Mexico, Nicaragua and Paraguay and also worked as a television news director for Net Financial News. She was an executive producer and international writer for CBS Telenoticias and a journalist with UPI.

Chapter 1: Introduction to Arizona Firestorm: Provincial responses to global immigration challenges.
Otto Santa Ana

Chapter 2: Arizona and the making of a State of exclusion.
Celeste González de Bustamante

Chapter 3: Chronology of exclusion.
Celeste González de Bustamante

Chapter 4: The economic impact of immigrants in Arizona.
Judith Gans

Chapter 5: Arizona Senate Bill 1070: Politics through immigration law.
Gabriel J. Chin, Carissa Byrne Hessick & Marc Miller

Chapter 6: Assault on Ethnic Studies.
Anna Ochoa O'Leary, Andrea J. Romero, Nolan L. Cabrera & Michelle Rascón

Chapter 7: From Gonzales to Flores: A return to the 'Mexican Room'?
Patricia Gándara

Chapter 8: Illegal accents: Qualifications, discrimination and distraction in Arizona's monitoring of teachers.
Jennifer Leeman

Chapter 9: An immigration crisis in a nation of immigrants: Why amending the Fourteenth Amendment won't solve our problems.
Alberto R. Gonzales

Mass Media Roles
Chapter 10: National perspectives on state turmoil: Characteristics of elite U.S. newspaper coverage of Arizona SB 1070.
Manuel Chavez & Jennifer Hoewe

Chapter 11: Not business as usual: Spanish-language television coverage of Arizona's immigration law, April–May 2010.
Mercedes Vigón, Lilliam Martínez-Bustos & Celeste González de Bustamante

Chapter 12: Between heroes and victims: Mexican newspaper narrative framing of migration.
Manuel Alejandro Guerrero & Maria Eugenia Campo

Chapter 13: Immigration in the age of global vertigo.
Marcelo M. Suárez-Orozco & Carola Suárez-Orozco

Chapter 14: Can America learn to think globally? We don't at our own risk.
Otto Santa Ana & Celeste González de Bustamante


A book on the recent legislative measures in Arizona may seem parochial, but in fact, this timely anthology is essential reading for understanding the national and global politics of labor migration. Working through the intricacies of Latin American immigration to Arizona, the authors illuminate the hyperlocal effects of globalization. They argue compellingly that the media and the racialization of immigrants have contributed to the polarization of immigration debates.
Lucila Vargas, School of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

This timely, well-documented and edifying book should itself serve as a firestorm, provoking numerous discussions that enlighten understanding of the causes and consequences of ill-conceived immigration policies. The authors provide superb in-depth analyses of the history and contexts that led to Arizona Senate Bill 1070, including the racially charged manipulations of public sentiments, opinions and votes. Of particular value is the presentation of how different media—general market and Latino-oriented—offered divergent news and interpretations of the new law and its detrimental effects on Arizona. Arizona Firestorm is a must read for scholars, students, but most importantly for anyone involved in developing immigration policies.
Federico Subervi, Center for the Study of Latino Media & Markets, Texas State University, San Marcos

By linking today's news with Arizona's history and analysis this book shows how the important border, immigration and education firestorms now sweeping the state and beyond have been smoldering for years. Too often these issues have been overlooked or misrepresented by scholars or reporters trying to explain the state, which makes this book a "must read."
Félix Gutiérrez, University of Southern California

In their just released volume, Otto Santa Ana and Celeste González de Bustamante, coeditors of Arizona Firestorm, assembled top scholars in the fields of globalization, economics, immigration law, ethnic studies, education, and news media. The scholars cover critical aspects of Arizona's antiimmigrant politics that the media didn't. They explain the factors that compel immigrants to leave their homelands; they lay out the historical context behind Arizona's political acts, and consequences of these actions; and they describe the media's role in shaping national opinion about the subject…Juan González, Democracy Now radio co-host, writes that Arizona Firestorm is ‘timely and remarkable’ and that its ‘most important contribution could well be its examination of how news media…have failed to provide ordinary Americans… adequate facts and context to understand this enormous movement of peoples between the two countries.’
The San Fernando Valley Sun

Reading Arizona Firestorm: Global Immigration Realities, National Media, and Provincial Politics, a scholarly compendium that explores in depth the fears, anxieties, myths and lies that resulted in SB 1070, Proposition 200 (the 2004 voter-ID law), the fight to kill ethnic studies in Tucson and the general anti-immigrant, racist atmosphere that still prevails in Jan Brewer's Arizona, I was struck by one essential truth: They can't win…. Arizona Firestorm is an essential book for our times. I'd suggest that it should be read in our public schools…
Tuscon Weekly

The editors have brought together pieces by different authors into a coherent whole that sheds light on the political context that gave rise to SB 1070 and other repressive legislation in Arizona and in other states. Overall, the book informs interested readers on the critical dimensions of the migration of families and workers from south of the border to this country. The editors emphasize the logic of global capitalism as a key feature behind global migration. Overall, this is an outstanding volume on one of the most important challenges facing the nation today.
NEXO: The Official Newsletter of the Julian Samora Research Institue