The liveliest debate is likely to be provoked by Tracy’s argument that there was, if not quite a conflict of civilizations in the early modern Balkans, at least a conflict of governing styles. . . . The implicit judgement that “government-by-consultation” eventually outperformed “government-by-command” (albeit by adopting a few of the latter’s techniques) will no doubt give rise to further discussion, a valuable outcome of Tracy’s work in redirecting attention to an underexamined region.